Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM06] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Yuichi Otsuka(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Libo Liu(Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University), Chair:Atsuki Shinbori(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[PEM06-14] Longitudinal Variations of Low-Latitude Gravity Waves and Their Impacts on the Ionosphere

*Chihoko CULLENS1, Scott ENGLAND1, Thomas IMMEL1 (1.University of California Berkeley)

Keywords:Gravity Wave, Ionosphere, Tides

The lower atmospheric forcing has important roles in the ionospheric variability. Previous study suggested that atmospheric tides from the troposphere induce the wavenumber 4 signatures on the ionosphere. However, influences of lower atmospheric gravity waves on the ionospheric variability are still not clear due to the simplified gravity wave parameterizations in general circulation models (GCMs) and the limited knowledge of gravity wave distributions. In this study, we aim to study the longitudinal variations of gravity waves and their impacts on the ionospheric variability.
Variations of lower atmospheric gravity waves are characterized using SABER temperature observations from 2002 to 2012 and also the physically based gravity wave parameterization in the Specified-Dynamics Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (SD-WACCM). Longitudinal variations of gravity waves from SABER and WACCM show the largest variability in June-August at low latitudes. We have implemented these low-latitude gravity wave variations into the thermosphere-ionosphere-mesosphere-electrodynamics general circulation model (TIME-GCM) to study the responses of the ionosphere. TIME-GCM shows that wavenumber 3-4 components of TEC variations in June-August are increased by ~10-15% with the longitudinal variations of gravity waves but there are no significant changes in other months. Potential mechanisms of TEC responses to gravity wave variations will be discussed.