Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT05] Hard-Rock Drilling: Oceanic Lithosphere to Island Arc Formation and Beyond

Tue. May 26, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Yoshihiko Tamura(R & D Center for Ocean Drilling Science, Japan Agency for Maine-Earth Science and Technology), Yildirim Dilek(Department of Geology & Environmental Earth Science Miami University), Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Takashi Sano(Department of Geology and Paleontology, National Museum of Nature and Science), Natsue Abe(R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Susumu Umino(Department of Earth Sciences, Kanazawa University), Eiichi TAKAZAWA(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Shigeaki Ono(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Katsuyoshi Michibayashi(Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University), Chair:Tomoaki Morishita(School of Natural System, Colleage of Science and Technology, Kanazawa University), Susumu Umino(Department of Earth Sciences, Kanazawa University)

5:24 PM - 5:27 PM

[SIT05-P04] Origin of peridotites outcroppted in the westernmost margin of the southern Mariana Trench

3-min talk in an oral session

*Shoma OYA1, Katsuyoshi MICHIBAYASHI1, Yasuhiko OHARA2, Teruaki ISHII3, Tomoki MIZUNO1, Kazutaka MANNEN4 (1.Institute of Geosciences, Shizuoka University, 2.Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department of Japan, 3.Fukada Geological Institute, 4.Hot Springs Research Institute of Kanagawa Prefecture)

The Izu-Bonin-Marina (IBM) arc is a typical intra-oceanic arc system. The forearc is non-accretionary convergent margin, where Mafic crustal rocks occurred along the inner trench slope with mantle peridotites. Mariana arc system is the southern part of the IBM arc system and forms arcuately. The trench axis of the southern Mariana trench runs across Mariana volcanic arc and backarc basin (Mariana trough) and is connected to Parece Vela Basin at the westernmost area. There have been no geological studies on the westernmost Marianas trench since Hawkins and Batiza(1977). Recently, investigations for the junction area between Mariana trench and Parece Vela Basin have been conducted using the submersible Shinkai6500 (Dive 6K1397 and 6K1398) as a part of YK14-13 cruise by the R/V Yokosuka in 2014. Shinkai6500 recovered plagioclase-bearing lherzolites and harzbergites from the tectonic ridge along the inner trench slope of the westernmost Mariana Trench. The samples show coarse grained textures (>1mm), heterogeneous intermediate textures, and fine grained textures (<0.6mm). The peridotites with the coarse grained texture were sampled from the shallowest part (3705-4042m) in the dive area, whereas the peridotites with the fine grained textures were sampled from the deepest part (5996m). Olivine fabrics vary associate with texture. : (010)[100]pattern for the coarse grained textures, {0kl}[100]pattern for the fine grained textures, and various indistinct patterns for the heterogeneous textures. The variations of both olivine textures and crystallographic fabrics with depth suggest variations of deformation processes with depth. Olivine-Spinel compositions are in a range of the Olivine-Spinel Mantle Array, indicating that the peridotites are depleted residues after partial melting of the upper mantle. Spinel compositions is bimodal between moderately high Cr# spinels (up to 0.54 in 6K1398R16) and relatively low Cr# spinels (as low as 0.30 in 6K1397R18). The increase of Cr# appears to be correlated with Ti contents (0.03-0.49), indicating that melt-rock interaction under shallow lithospheric mantle conditions. Furthermore, chemical compositions of Spinel Mg# and Cr# are almost identical to those of Parece Vela Basin peridotites, suggesting that Parece Vela Basin Mantle may be exposed on the inner trench slope in the westernmost Mariana trench.