10:55 AM - 11:30 AM
★ [O02-03] Science of an asteroid sample return mission Hayabusa2 and water in the solar system
Keywords:solar-system exploration, asteroid, comet, hydrothermal activity, prebiotic environmental evolution, planetary science
C-type asteroids are thought to be parent bodies of carbonaceous chondrites, primitive meteorites that contain a few percent of organic matters. They are thought to be survivors or fragments of planetesimals (building blocks of planets during the formation stage) in the outer solar system. Some carbonaceous chondrites contain hydrous minerals produced by reactions of rocks with hot water, so that at least a subset of C-type asteroids had internal hydrothermal activities (hot springs!) during the formation stage of the solar system. To clarify the mineral-water-organic material reactions in planetesimals is one of the most important objectives of the Haybusa2 project.
Near earth asteroids like 1999 JU3 are collisional fragments of parent asteroids that had belonged with the main asteroid belt (between Mars and Jupiter orbits) and brought to Earth closing orbits by planets (such as Jupiter) gravitational perturbations. Such material transport from the main asteroid belt was vital during the early stage of the solar system history and many asteroids had fallen on the surface of the early Earth. The contribution of these asteroidal material to the early Earth, especially ocean formation and prebiotic environmental evolution should be important.
Under the session keyword of "water", this talk will highlight on "planetary science from an asteroid", the mantra of the Hayabusa2 mission.