Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol U (Union) » Union

[U-06] Evolution of New Seamless Science: From Space, Sun to the Earth Surface

Sun. May 24, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 105 (1F)

Convener:*Yutaka Matsumi(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Kanya Kusano(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Joji Ishizaka(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Kazuhisa Tsuboki(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Masaki Enami(Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University), Chair:Kazuo Shiokawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University), Akira Mizuno(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University)

2:35 PM - 2:55 PM

[U06-13] Coupling processes in the Solar-Terrestrial System

*Toshitaka TSUDA1 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University)

Keywords:solar-terrestrial system, coupling process, Equatorial MU radar, EISCAT_3D radar, Global network, IUGONET

Coupling process in the solar-terrestrial system" aims to study the solar energy inputs into the Earth, and the response of Geospace (magnetosphere, ionosphere and middle atmosphere) to the energy input. The solar energy can mainly be divided into two parts - the solar radiation involving infra-red, visible, ultra-violet and X-ray, and solar wind which is a high-speed flow of plasma particles. The solar radiation becomes maximum at the equator; and atmospheric disturbances are actively generated near the Earth's surface. They further excite various types of atmospheric waves which propagate upward carrying energy and momentum. On the other hand, the energy associated with the solar wind converges into the polar regions where disturbances are generated. A part of the energy is transported toward lower latitudes and lower atmospheric regions. We propose to establish large atmospheric radars with active phased array antenna at the equator and the Arctic region. Among the equatorial regions, we focus on the Indonesian region where atmospheric disturbances are most intense. We will establish a comprehensive observatory in Indonesia with the Equatorial MU (EMU) radar as its main facility. Alongside, we will take part in the construction of the state-of-the-art radar, called EISCAT_3D, in northern Scandinavia under international collaborations. We will also develop the global observation network of portable equipment from the equator to both polar regions, and study the flow of the energy and materials in the whole atmosphere.