Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT05] New phase of GPS/GNSS application as an integrated earth observation system

Wed. May 27, 2015 2:15 PM - 3:00 PM 203 (2F)

Convener:*Yoshinori Shoji(The Second Laboratory of Meteorological Satellite and Observation System Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Toshitaka Tsuda(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere), Teruyuki Kato(Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute), Kazutoshi Sato(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Chair:Hiromu Seko(Meteorological Research Institute)

2:15 PM - 2:30 PM

[MTT05-11] Proposal of GNSS Buoy Array in the Ocean for a Synthetic Disaster Mitigation

*Teruyuki KATO1, Yukihiro TERADA2, Keiichi TADOKORO3, Yoshinori SHOJI4, Hiromu SEKO4, Mamoru ISHII5, Michi NISHIOKA5, Shin-ichi YAMAMOTO6, Morio TOYOSHIMA6, Naohiko IWAKIRI6, Naokiyo KOSHIKAWA7, Osamu MOTOHASHI8, Akira WADA9, Naruyuki IMADA9 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, Univ. Tokyo, 2.National Institute of Technology, Kochi College, 3.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya Univ., 4.Meteorological Research Institute, JMA, 5.Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, NICT, 6.Wireless Network Research Institute, NICT, 7.Satellite Applications and Promotion Center, JAXA, 8.Satellite Navigation Office, JAXA, 9.Hitachi Zosen Corporation)

Keywords:GNSS, GNSS buoy, tsunami, ocean bottom crustal movement, meteorology, ionosphere

A system of GNSS buoy for detecting tsunami has been developed for more than 15 years in Japan. The buoys deployed around the Japanese coasts have successfully detected tsunamis with amplitudes of about 10 centimeters or bigger, including a large tsunami due to the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. The present study tries to extend the GNSS buoys for a wide variety of applications for monitoring disaster related signals in the ocean, such as ocean bottom crustal deformation, atmospheric water vapor detection for weather monitoring, and ionospheric disturbance detection for space weather monitoring as well as tsunamis.
One problem of the GNSS buoy system that we have developed is the limitation of baseline distance to at most less than 20km, as the system uses so-called Real-Time Kinematic algorithm which requires a base station on land. Recent developments of real-time GNSS technology enabled us to estimate position of a moving platform like buoy in a few centimeter accuracy in real-time without a base station on land, so that the buoy is now able to be deployed at much far offshore.
Combination of precise point positioning with acoustic ranging to the ocean bottom transponder stations enables positioning of the ocean bottom station in continuous manner. Moreover, GNSS data on the buoy provide us with accurate estimation of atmospheric water vapor and total electron content in the ionosphere. These geophysical data on the ocean surface, together with land based sensors, will serve us with unprecedented invaluable datasets for better understanding of ocean bottom crustal deformation, atmospheric and ionospheric disturbances as well as sea surface disturbances. Combined this GNSS buoy technology with satellite data transmission and long-term safe and secure operation of GNSS buoy in outer ocean is a key for materializing the capability of GNSS buoy. We propose to establish an array of GNSS buoy in the Japanese EEZ area for a synthetic geodetic and geophysical infrastructure of earth science and as well as disaster mitigation.