4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[SGC50-08] Origin of Bowers Ridge and its Oligocene arc magmatism: Results from the IODP Expedition 323, Hole U1342
Keywords:adakite, Bowers Ridge, remnant arc
The recovered volcanic samples yield 26-34 Ma 40Ar-39Ar ages (Sato et al., 2015) and have arc signature characterized by depletion of HFSE and enrichment of LILE on the multi-element diagrams normalized to NMORB. The trace element features, with the presence of anorthitic plagioclase phenocrysts (An93), confirm the arc-origin of the ridge that was deduced from dredge samples around Site U1342 (Cooper et al. 1987; Wanke et al., 2012). In arc magmatism, flux from subducted oceanic crust played an important role as suggested by high Ce/Pb and unradiogenic 206Pb/204Pb.
Temporal change of magma chemistry was examined from both the core and reported dredge samples. Lower units of core samples exhibit low to middle-K series, whereas both the upper units of core and dredge samples show middle to high-K series. In addition, the dredge samples are more enriched in LREE, Rb, and Ba, and show higher (LREE, MREE)/HREE ratios than the core samples. The dredge basalts and andesites fall within the adakite field on the discrimination diagrams of Sr/Y vs Y and La/Yb vs Yb (Wanke et al., 2012), whereas all the core samples are non-adakitic basalts and andesites. These geochemical results suggest that the difference in magma compositions between the core and dredge samples could mainly reflect the difference in the amount of slab-derived flux and/or the flux compositions. In this context, the inferred slab melting event (Wanke et al., 2012) may not be a unique scenario for producing the adakitic dredge basalts and andesites. Larger amount of slab-derived flux and higher melting pressure can also explain the change in magma compositions from the non-adakitic core samples to the adakitic dredge samples. Thus, more careful examination is required to determine whether or not the already inferred extraordinary high geothermal gradient is essential for the Oligocene magmatism at the Bowers Ridge.