Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Volcanic and igneous activities, and these long-term forecasting

Tue. May 26, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Teruki Oikawa(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Daisuke MIURA(Geosphere Sciences, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Yoshihiro Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuo Geshi(Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Kenta Ueki(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry), Yoshimi Hiroi(Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[SVC47-10] Sedimentary facies changes of lahar deposits in distal area, Chokai volcano, NE Japan

*Yusuke MINAMI1, Tsukasa OHBA2, Shintaro HAYASHI3, Kyoko S. KATAOKA4 (1.Graduate School of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, 2.Faculty of International Resource Science, Akita University, 3.Faculty of Education and Human Studies, Akita University, 4.Research Institute for Natural Hazards and Disaster Recovery, Niigata University)

Keywords:Lahar, Chokai volcano

Chokai volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano in northeast Japan. The sector collapse of the volcano occurred about 2,500 years ago. The Kisakata debris avalanche deposit was formed by the collapse to the northern foot of Chokai volcano (Ohsawa et al., 1982). The post-collapse fan (partly volcaniclastic apron) deposits, largely distributed in the northern foot of the volcano, overlies the Kisakata debris avalanche deposit. From geological survey in the proximal area, Minami et al. (2015) reported that the post-collapse fan deposits accumulated by a series of debris flows and hyperconcentrated flows, and then concluded that the deposits are originated from several lahar events. However, change in sedimentary facies in the distal area was not well studied. Furthermore the depositional processes changes between the proximal and distal areas of these lahar deposits have not been well understood. This study aims to understand transition of depositional processes with distance, and relationship between geomorphology formed by these lahar deposits and their depositional processes. The volcanic fan can be topographically subdivided into four areas; the steeply-sloping area, the moderately-sloping area, the gently-sloping area, and the very-gently-sloping area. We trenched and cored (by handy geoslicer; Takada et al., 2002) in the distal of volcanic fan (gently sloping area, and very gently sloping area) at a total of 12 sites. Each set of trench and core by the depth of one to two meters from the surface were observed. In the distal area, the lahar deposits are composed of debris flow, hyperconcentrated flow and streamflow facies. These flows are mostly originated from lahar events. The facies variation with distance implies that lahars flowed down as debris flows in proximal areas. Then, they transformed into hyperconcentrated and stream flows, although some reached to the distal area as debris flow. Some lahar reached to the coastline that is 20 km distant from the volcanic edifice as stream flow, where highly populated towns are distributed.