6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[U06-P09] Development of superconducting device for millimeter-wave atmospheric radiometer 1
Keywords:middle atmosphere, minor molecules, millimeter wave, radiometer, superconducting device, SIS mixer
The STJ device in 100 GHz band has been used in our radiometers as well as NANTEN2 radio telescope in Chile, 45-m millimeter wave telescope in Nobeyama, and so on. However, these receivers are used old design STJ devices and these performances are a little worse. For example, the receiver noise temperature and gain compression at ambient temperature are approximately 80 K and more than 10 %, respectively. It is necessary more high sensitivity and better linearity to detect and determine the brightness temperature of weak emission from minor molecules. Therefore, we designed the device with new structure based on previous work (Inoue, 2011), which performances to be about 20 K of noise temperature and about 1 % of gain compression, and also we have fabricated and tested five SIS junction array devices. As a result, we successfully developed low noise temperature (18-25 K) devices in 100 GHz band. We will measure the gain compression, performance of intermediate frequency, and stability of the output signal in the future, and we plan to practical use for the radiometers in Rikubetsu and Riogallegos.