11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[AAS21-15] Variations of atmospheric methane concentration and its carbon and hydrogen isotopic ratios at Churchill, Canada
Keywords:methane, carbon and hydrogen isotopic ratios, Hudson Bay Lowland, wetlands
We observed long-term increase in the CH4 concentrations at Churchill since 2007, which is consistent with the trend reported by the global observation networks such as NOAA/ESRL/GMD. The CH4 concentration at Churchill is generally higher than that at Ny-Ålesund (78.55’N, 11.56’E), a northern high-latitude background station away from regional CH4 sources. On the other hand, δ13CH4 and δD-CH4 at Churchill are lower than those at Ny-Ålesund, plausibly reflecting regional CH4 emissions. Clear seasonal cycles of the CH4 concentration and δ13CH4 were observed; seasonal maximum and minimum of the CH4 concentration take place in January-February and June-July, respectively, while those of δ13CH4 were in May and October, respectively. Seasonal cycles of δD-CH4 were obscure but observable. The seasonal phases of these variables were up to one month earlier than those at Ny-Ålesund. The cause of the difference could be attributable to wetland emissions in the surrounding region. Short-term variations of the CH4 concentration were observed year around, but pronounced in summer. By inspecting relationships between the CH4 concentration and the isotopic ratios, we found that the predominant CH4 source of the short-term CH4 variations is wetlands in summer but fossil fuels in winter.