Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT31] New development of environmental traceability methods

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 304 (3F)

Convener:*Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Ichiro Tayasu(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University), Chair:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[HTT31-04] Plantation of Cryptomeria japonica might alter dynamics of metal element

*Tamihisa OHTA1, Ki-cheol SHIN1, Tsutom HIURA2 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 2.Tomakomai Research Station, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:stream, soil, metallic ion, plantation of Cryptomeria japonica, organic acids

In this study, we found dynamics of many metallic elements in catchment areas may be altered by plantation of Cryptomeria japonica.
Organisms can alter nutrient dynamics in ecosystems via physiological results such as respiration, decomposition and excretory processes. Many studies have established importance of the alteration of nutrient dynamics by organisms in ecosystems. Especially, dynamics of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus can be altered by physiological responses of organisms. However, there are few studies that focused on effects of organisms on dynamics of metallic elements in ecosystems.
Our previous studies showed that the vegetation in catchment area might alter calcium concentration in the soils and water of streams, and affect the community structure of invertebrates in soils and streams. In these studies, we observed that concentration of exchangeable calcium in the Japanese cedar (C. japonica) plantations is about three times higher than in the evergreen broad-leaved forests. This might indicate C. japonica has characteristics that alter dynamics of metallic elements in soil. We focused on organic acids extracted from roots of tree because some studies showed root exudation of organic acids could elute materials in soil particles and base-rocks.
We conducted field survey and a pot experiment in Wayakama Experimental Forest of Hokkaido University. And we determined the reason why the elevation of calcium concentration in plantation of C. japonica occurs. In consequences, our results showed plantation of C. japonica might increase exchangeable metallic ion in soils through increased supply of organic acids to soil systems. And the some eluted metallic ions might be supplied to streams.