6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[ACG09-P03] A greenhouse gas retrieval algorithm for GOSAT TANSO-FTS SWIR using polarization information
Keywords:satellite observation, carbon dioxide, GOSAT
Accurate radiometric calibration of the two polarized spectra is one of the most crucial factors for successful retrievals from TANSO-FTS spectra. With a simulation study conducted under the idealized situation that there is no calibration error in calibration coefficients of TANSO-FTS, we showed that the polarization information increases the information content of the aerosols and reduces retrieval errors in XCO2. In fact, degradation of the sensor is not avoidable. Unless the calibration coefficients are evaluated after the launch with sufficient accuracy, polarization information of TANSO-FTS will not improve the XCO2 retrievals.
In this study, retrievals of XCO2 were compared using several calibration coefficients evaluated in different methods. The figure shows XCO2 retrievals from TANSO-FTS measurements over land in June 2011. Blue dots in the figure are results obtained with calibration coefficients evaluated from vicarious calibration reported by Kuze et al. (TGRS, 2014). We also tried to evaluate calibration coefficients from the solar calibration data by analyzing polarization properties of the solar diffuser panel. Retrievals of XCO2 with the solar diffuser calibration are plotted by red dots in the same figure. Comparing these results obtained with two different calibration coefficients, we found that the values of XCO2 with the vicarious calibration tend to scatter toward a low concentration in the Sahara desert. On the other hand, this tendency is hardly seen in XCO2 retrievals with the solar diffuser calibration. Also, some high XCO2 regions are observed in South America and Southern Africa in the retrievals with the vicarious calibration, which are not seen in the retrievals with the solar diffuser calibration.
Our result indicates that the calibration coefficients make a marked difference in retrieved XCO2 if the polarization information is used. We plan to analyze more observations, and to try another calibration technique, such as ocean glint observations.