11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[MIS32-09] IODP Expedition 351 Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: Temporal evolution of arc volcanism inferred from melt inclusions
Keywords:IODP, IBM arc, Kyushu-Palau ridge, Amami Sankaku Basin, melt inclusion
In order to study the temporal evolution of island arc volcanism at an earlier stage of the IBM arc, we analyzed major and volatile elements (Cl and S) of melt inclusions collected from Unit III (30-40 Ma based on onboard biostratigraphy) using electron probe microanalyzers (EPMAs) installed at JAMSTEC and ANU. Most of the host minerals of melt inclusions are clinopyroxene and plagioclase and the compositions of melt inclusions are diverse, ranging from basalt through rhyolite, and also ranging from low-K to medium-K series. In terms of major elements, low-K series melt inclusions are consistent with the melt compositions reported from forearc region and volcanic front of the IBM arc. Major element composition of medium-K series melt inclusions overlaps with the melt composition reported from the IBM rear-arc, such as volcanoes on the KPR and/or near the ASB. These observation suggests that the turbidites accumulated at the ASB originate not only from the IBM rear arc, but also from the IBM forearc and/or frontal-arc.
Both low-K and medium-K melt inclusions older than 〜35 Ma are basaltic and andesitic melts. Rhyolitic melts suddenly occur at 〜35 Ma and afterward. The number of melt inclusions containing intermediate composition (66-74 wt.% SiO2) is smaller, suggesting that such intermediate melts represent mixtures of mafic and rhyolitic melts. We infer that the middle crust beneath the arc volcanoes would have been growing and thickening until 〜35 Ma after subduction had been initiated at 〜50 Ma, and that the rhyolitic magmas would have been generated by partial melting of the middle crust at 〜35 Ma and afterward.