4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[SIT35-08] East-west hemispherical structures in the Earth and their implications for global dynamics
As a result, it has been found that the continental basalts are mostly distributed only in the eastern hemisphere, while other basalts are distributed evenly. Using multivariate analysis (Independent Component Analysis, ICA), two independent compositional vectors have been extracted, which explain most of the sample variance (95%). Therefore, almost all young basalts from various tectonic settings plot on a single isotopic compositional plane, and can be explained solely by two elemental differentiation processes (e.g., melting and aqueous fluid-rock interaction, Iwamori and Albarede, 2008). One of the independent components (IC2) represents ‘anciently subducted aqueous fluid component’ stored for 300 to 900 million years in the mantle, and defines the fluid component-rich (=positive IC2) eastern hemisphere, while the western hemisphere shows the opposite polarity. We have also found a striking geometrical similarity between the IC2 and the inner core hemispheric structures (Iwamori and Nakamura, 2015): the eastern hemisphere shows positive IC2 in the mantle and high seismic velocities in the inner core. Combining these constraints, we propose ‘top-down hemispherical dynamics’: focused subduction within and around the supercontinent has created a fluid component-rich hemisphere with a lower temperature, compared to the oceanic mantle. The colder hemisphere seems to have been anchored to the asthenosphere during the continental dispersal, and may affect the temperature and growth rate of the inner core, resulting in the coupled hemispherical structures in the mantle and the core.