Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS34] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 301A (3F)

Convener:*Kazuyoshi Yamada(Museum of Natural and Environmental history, Shizuoka), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University), Chair:Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University)

2:15 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS34-12] Marine tephra as an important tool for paleoceanography and paleoclimatology

*Ken IKEHARA1 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

Keywords:tephra, marine sediments, marine reservoir effect, environmental change, key bed

Tephra is a product of volcanic eruption, and volcanic ash, which is thought to be geologically synchronous, is an important key bed to connect the events found in lacustrine and marine sequences. Tephra grain is an important component of marine sediments, especially around the volcanic islands such as the Japanese islands. Tephra grains have been supplied to marine environments not only directly by the volcanic eruptions as fall tephras, but also by erosion of terrestrial and marine beds. Fall tephra is an important tool to identify relationship among the environmental changes found in terrestrial, lacustrine and marine environments. Exact correlation of regional climatic events is extremely important to understand global climatic changes. Comparison of terrestrial and marine radiocarbon ages of the same tephra provides us information on the local reservoir effect. Because the local reservoir effect is influenced by ventilation and ocean circulation, regional reconstruction of local reservoir effect is useful for understanding the three dimensional ocean circulation changes in the glacial and deglacial oceans.