Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG57] Structure, evolution and dynamics of mobile belts

Thu. May 28, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM IC (2F)

Convener:*Toru Takeshita(Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University), Hiroshi Sato(Earthquake Prediction Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Koichiro Obana(Research and Development Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takuya NISHIMURA(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Yukitoshi Fukahata(Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University), Aitaro Kato(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Jun Muto(Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University), Katsushi Sato(Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Shuichi Kodaira(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Sagiya(Disaster Mitigation Research Center, Nagoya University), Tatsuya Ishiyama(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Makoto MATSUBARA(National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention), Yasutaka Ikeda(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Chair:Eiji Kurashimo(Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[SCG57-29] Modeling viscoelastic deformation and strain anomaly around the Ou Backbone Range after the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake

*Bunichiro SHIBAZAKI1, Takumi MATSUMOTO2, Jun MUTO3, Takeshi IINUMA4, Satoshi MIURA5 (1.International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, Building Research Institute, 2.National Institute for Earth science and Disaster Prevention, 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University, 4.International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, 5.Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

Keywords:the Tohoku-oki earthquake, the northeastern Japan arc, viscoelastic deformation, the Ou Backbone Range, strain anomaly

This study investigates the viscoelastic deformation processes of the northeastern Japan island arc after the Tohoku-oki earthquake by considering the heterogeneous rheological structure. Recently, Shibazaki et al. (2014) calculated the effective viscosity of the Japanese island arc crust and upper mantle, considering the thermal structure obtained by dense geothermal observations using Hi-net boreholes (Matsumoto, 2007) and by Tanaka et al. (2004). They reproduced several elongated low-viscosity regions in the crust and upper mantle of the northeastern Japan arc, striking transverse to the arc, which correspond to hot fingers. Recently, Miura et al. (2014) found a postseismic strain anomaly along the Ou Backbone Range after the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake. This postseismic anomaly could have been affected by the existence of low-viscosity anomalies caused by the hot fingers.
We develop a finite element model of the viscoelastic deformation processes after the Tohoku-oki earthquake, considering the realistic crustal and mantle structures, and coseismic fault slip distribution (Iinuma et al., 2012). Our numerical results show that significant extensional viscous deformation occurs in the low-viscosity regions in the crust and upper mantle. This deformation causes significant subsidence in the back-arc region and Ou Backbone Range, but uplift near the Pacific coast. We also try to reproduce the decreases in areal strain along the Ou Backbone Range observed by Miura et al. (2014). In the case where low viscosity zones are extended to the shallower part of the crust, we can reproduce the areal strain decrease which is caused by contraction along the N-S direction. In our model, we cannot reproduce the expansion of areal strain decrease over time along the arc observed by Miura et al. (2014). To model this phenomenon, we would probably need to consider afterslip after the Tohoku-oki earthquake.