4:15 PM - 4:30 PM
[MIS24-01] Types and distribution of gas chimneys: host structure of shallow gas hydrates
Keywords:shallow gas hydrates, gas chimney, Oki trough
Based on the occurrence and distribution pattern of gas chimneys, three morphological types have been identified in survey areas. Type A: Single, cylinder shaped chimney with about 200 to 400 m in diameter, randomly scattered on basin floors. Type A is common on the basin floor of the Oki trough, which is characterized by thick organic rich sediments. Gases are predominated by microbial methane. Type B: Composite, irregularly shaped blanking zone with horizontal area of about 500 m x 3,000 m, often occur in transition from slope to basin floors. Type C: Single to composite, cylinder shaped chimney with about 400 to 600 m in diameter, occurs on the crest zone of ridges and spurs along the faults. Type B has been identified by high-resolution AUV surveys on the slope area of the Oki trough, and is suspected to occur in the Tsushima basin and off Hidaka. Hydrate gases have not been collected and analyzed yet. Type C is characteristic in the Toyama (off Joetsu) and Mogami trough, which developed along the mobile belt of the eastern margin of Japan Sea. Inversion tectonics at around 5 to 2 Ma caused folding and reverse faulting to provide conduits for upward migration of deep seated thermogeni gases. Hydrate gases are either thermogenic or variable mixture of thermogenic and microbial. Distribution of the types and size of gas hydrate-bearing gas chimney structures provide fundamental constrains for the resource assessment of shallow gas hydrates.