Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG38] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Tue. May 26, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Teruyuki Nakajima(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute), Yasuhito Igarashi(Atmospheric Environment and Applied Meteorology Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Masatoshi Yamada(Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University), Chisato Takenaka(Graduate school of bioagricultural sciences, Nagoya University), masayoshi yamamoto(Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Kanazawa University), Atsushi Shinohara(Graduate school of science, Osaka University), Chair:Kazuya Tanaka(Institute for Sustainable Sciences and Development, Hiroshima University), Masatoshi Yamada(Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[MAG38-17] Characterization of mineral phases in radioactive particles collected from Fukushima contaminated soil using SR-u-XR

*Satoko MOTAI1, Hiroki MUKAI1, Tetsu WATANUKI2, Kenji OHWADA2, Tatsuo FUKUDA2, Akihiko MACHIDA2, Chisaki KURAMATA1, Ryosuke KIKUCHI1, Hideaki KIRAZAWA3, Toshihiro KOGURE1 (1.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 3.National Institute for Material Science)

Keywords:Fukushima nuclear accident, radioactive cesium, autoradiography, clay mimerals, weathered biotite, SR-u-XRD

The behavior of radioactive cesium is one of important concern about Fukushima nuclear accident. Clay minerals are considered as major radioactive cesium adsorbent in soil from lab experiments reported by previous studies. However, it has been unclear what adsorbs radioactive cesium, because the amount of radiation in actual soil is too low to detect. Recently, Mukai et al. (2014) has detected the radioactive particles in actual soil using autoradiography with imaging plates (IPs). They characterized and classified these radioactive particles into three types using SEM-EDS: 1) weathered biotite, 2) aggregate of fine clay minerals, and 3) organic matter containing clay minerals particulates. On the other hand, it is not enough to identify mineralogical characteristic of particles adsorbed radioactive cesium using only SEM-EDS. Then, we identify and characterize mineral phases of radioactive soil particles using Synchrotron micro X-ray Diffraction (SR-μ-XRD) at BL22XU of SPring-8. After radioactive soil particles were separated by autoradiography and divided into above three types from SEM-EDS observation, each particle mounted on a kapton pin using micro manipulator for the XRD measurement. The incident X-ray with wavelength λ= 0.8273 Å at 15 keV were collimated to a diameter of 40 or 60 μm. Angle dispersive diffraction patterns were recorded on an imaging plate. Two-dimensional X-ray diffraction images on the IP were integrated as a function of 2θ to obtain conventional one-dimensional diffraction profiles. Spotty diffraction patterns of particles, characterized as 1) weathered biotite by SEM-EDS observation, show feature of single crystal. Broad peaks at ~10 Å, ~14 Å and ~7 Å appear at the low angle diffraction patterns of these weathered biotite particles. It indicates that these particles are weathered biotite with varied weathering degree from biotite, via vermiculite, to kaolinite. There is no clear relationship between the diffraction patterns of weathering biotite and amount of radiations estimated from luminescence on IP autoradiography. 2) The diffraction pattern of an aggregates minerals shows ring pattern ~14.0 Å indexed smectite, 3) on diffraction patterns of a few organic matter containing particles, there are no clear diffraction pattern of clay minerals.