Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT35] Deep Earth science: Dynamics of plate, mantle, and core

Tue. May 26, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 106 (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT), Shingo Watada(Ocean Hemisphere Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Sakai(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Chair:Toshiki Ohtaki(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[SIT35-04] Sound velocity of liquid Fe-Ni-S alloy at high pressure: Sulfur in the core?

*Saori IMADA1, Yoichi NAKAJIMA2, Kei HIROSE1, Tetsuya KOMABAYASHI3, Haruka OZAWA4, Shigehiko TATENO1, Yasuhiro KUWAYAMA5, Satoshi TSUTSUI6, Q.R., Alfred BARON.2 (1.Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.RIKEN SPring-8 Center, 3.University of Edinburgh, 4.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Ehime University, 6.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

Keywords:Sound velocity, liquid iron alloy, sulfur, outer core, Martian core

The liquid Earth's outer core is composed mainly of iron (Fe)-nickel (Ni) alloy. Birch (1952) first found that the core is less dense than pure iron based on comparison between seismological observations and experimental measurements of the density of solid iron. This is the so called "core density deficit" problem. He suggested the existence of lighter component(s) in the core, and hydrogen (H), carbon (C), nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), silicon (Si), and sulfur (S) have been identified as likely candidates from cosmochemical and geochemical arguments (e.g., Poirier et al., 1994). The density difference between the outer core and the pure iron has been estimated to be 5-10%, depending on the assumed outer core geotherm (e.g., Anderson and Isaak, 2002). The nature of light elements has remained one of the biggest enigmas for the more than half-century since the Birch's work (1952). To justify the kind and quantity of the light elements in the core, sound velocity measurements of liquid iron alloying with possible lighter elements are fundamental because they link directly to seismological observations. We have launched the project on the sound velocity measurements for liquid iron alloys at high pressure in externally-heated and laser-heated diamond-anvil cells (DAC). The sound velocity of liquid (Fe,Ni)3S was ,measured via a high resolution inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) measurements at BL35XU of the SPring-8 synchrotron facility, Japan (Baron et al, 2001). We sucessfully determined the sound velocity of liquid (Fe,Ni)3S up to the pressure of 50 GPa, which corresponds to the center of Mars. With our newly obtained results, we discuss the possibility of sulfur in the liquid cores of Earth and Mars.