Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT35] Deep Earth science: Dynamics of plate, mantle, and core

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Takashi Nakagawa(JAMSTEC/MAT), Shingo Watada(Ocean Hemisphere Research Center, Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Takeshi Sakai(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[SIT35-P09] Modeling of SKS splitting parameters measured in Japan with Hi-net

*Naoto OGAWA1, Hitoshi KAWAKATSU1, Nozomu TAKEUCHI1, Katsuhiko SHIOMI2 (1.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention)

Keywords:seismic anisotropy, s-wave splitting, modeling

To systematically investigate the spatial variation of seismic anisotropy around Japanese islands, we measured splitting parameters (fast polarization direction φ, delay time δt) of teleseismic SKS phases observed by Hi-net (Ogawa et al., 2014, SSJ). The results indicated regional scale variations of splitting parameters that are apparently related to subduction systems. In order to investigate detailed anisotropic structures (fabric in mantle wedge, subducting slab, and asthenosphere), we conducted forward modeling using synthetic seismograms. We modeled the SKS phases by the ray theory. We assumed that the SKS ray is straight and that each region has homogenous anisotropy. We rigorously calculated the phase velocity in each region by solving the Christoffel matrix. The preliminary analysis indicates that the measured splitting parameters appear to be primarily affected by the A-type fabric in subducting slab (oceanic lithosphere) whose a-axis aligns in the direction of the fast axis observed at the surface by using our OBS data.