9:45 AM - 10:00 AM
★ [MTT41-04] Radio acoustic sounding of the thermosphere by ionosonde tracking of infrasound wavefronts launched by seismic waves
Keywords:ionosonde, multiple cusp signature, 2010 Chile earthquake, Rayleigh waves, infrasounds, thermosphere
We conducted rapid-run operation of ionosonde with a frame rate of 1 min at Kazan, Russia. After the 2010 M8.8 Chile earthquake (epicentral distance was 15,162 km), ionospheric disturbances showing MCSs in ionograms were observed for several tens of minutes. The seismogram obtained at Obninsk near Moscow, Russia (epicentral distance was 14,369 km) recorded Rayleigh waves with a period of 〜17 s responsible for the ionospheric disturbances showing MCS (the seismogram was shifted by the time corresponding to the difference of epicentral distances between the two locations by assuming a Rayleigh wave speed of 3 km/s). The vertical wavelength of the acoustic wave launched by the Rayleigh waves was 8.5〜12 km in the thermosphere. The sound speed calculated by a model was 500〜700 m/s at the height of the bottomside ionosphere and wavefronts should propagate 30〜42 km upward during the intervals of ionograms, which is smaller than the bottomside depth of the ionosphere. Thus, we could track acoustic wavefronts between consecutive MCS ionograms.
This observation bears an analogy with radio acoustic sounding system (RASS), in which atmospheric perturbation induced by acoustic sounds is tracked by a radar technique and the sound speed (and corresponding virtual temperature) at high altitudes is remotely measured. In a like manner, we compared the sound speed estimated by the MCS analysis and that calculated by the MSIS thermospheric model. The determined sound speed (and corresponding temperature) was slightly higher than the model.