Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS26] Biogeochemistry

Thu. May 28, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 104 (1F)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Shibata, Hideaki(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshiyuki Inagaki(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Kazumichi Fujii(森林総合研究所)

5:15 PM - 5:30 PM

[MIS26-26] 15N natural abundances and N use by plants in forested ecosystems

*Ayami KOBA1, Keisuke KOBA2, Yoshiyuki INAGAKI2 (1.Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 2.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute)

Supply of nitrogen to plants often limits the primary productivity for plants in terrestrial ecosystems (Vitousek and Howarth 1991). Thus, the better understanding on how plants can utilize this limiting resource is quite important to project the changes in ecosystem functions with environmental changes such as the increase in nitrogen deposition and in CO2 concentrations. We applied the isotopic approach to get insights into the niche differentiation for nitrogen uptake in the forest where nitrogen is considered to strongly limit the plants' productivity. In two plots (control and 50% cut), we sampled soils and plants for the measurements of nitrogen isotopic signatures (d15N). In soils collected from these two plots, nitrate pool sizes were quite small, while considerable amount of ammonium existed. Plants d15N varied among species; the dominant species (Hinoki) showed the low d15N, while other understory species had higher d15N. We compared d15N of plants with d15N of ammonium in the soil and found that Hinoki utilized the ammonium in organic soil with low d15N, while other understories utilized ammonium in deeper soil, suggesting the niche differentiation for N utilization in these plots. We will present the reults of water isotopes to investigate if similar niche-differentiation for water uptake can be determined or not in these plots in the poster.