Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG30] Material circulations in Terrestrial Ecosystem: Water, Carbon and Nitrogen etc.

Mon. May 25, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Tomomichi Kato(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Takashi Hirano(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Hisashi Sato(Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Ryuichi Hirata(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[ACG30-P01] Estimation of carbon cycle in a cool-temperate coniferous forest by continuous monitoring of carbon isotopic ratio

*Satoru TAKANASHI1, Masako DANNOURA2, Takashi NAKANO3, Yuji KOMINAMI1, Takafumi MIYAMA1 (1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 2.Kyoto Universitiy, 3.Mount Fuji Research Institute, Yamanashi)

Keywords:forest, carbon cycle, isotope, laser spectrometry, carbon dioxide, respiration

In recent years, carbon assimilation has been estimated at various vegetation and forests are expected as carbon reservoir for the future climate changes. In a forest ecosystem, gas-exchange processes are complicated and difficult to estimate carbon flows because leaf, trunk, root and soil have distinctive gas-exchange characteristics and are interactively affected by environmental factors within a canopy. Fluxes and concentrations of 12CO2 isotope compositions provide information about ecosystem physiological processes and their response to environmental variation. We continuously measured the concentrations of 12CO2 and 13CO2 inside the automated closed dynamic soil chambers and the surrounding atmosphere of a cool-temperate coniferous forest near Mt. Fuji in Japan (AsiaFlux site code:FJY) using a tunable diode laser spectrometer (TDLS: G2101i, Picarro Inc.). The δ13C of the atmospheric CO2 were fluctuated according the changes of CO2 concentration and fluctuations of the carbon isotope signal from soil respired CO213CRs) was not detected, although Keeling plots to estimate δ13CRs were very sensitive and the results were very scattered.
To understand carbon flows in a tree, we carried out in situ 13C pulse-labelling experiments for a mature pine tree (Pinus densiflora, Tree height: 20m) at the FJY site. The experiments were carried out September 2012, December 2012, and July 2013, covering the canopy of the tree by a plastic film chamber and introducing 13CO2 into the labelling chamber. The internal 12CO2 and 13CO2 was monitored by the TDLS to calculate a carbon assimilation by the tree during the labelling experiments. Carbon efflux from a trunk surface were monitored by the TDLS using four closed dynamic trunk chambers installed in different heights (15.5, 11.1, 7.3 and 3.8m height) of the tree. The carbon flow speed were estimated from the arriving time of 13CO2 pulse to the trunk chambers. The pattern of labelled 13CO2 efflux in winter was different from other seasons. The speeds ranged from 0.04 to 0.24 m/hr and relatively slow in winter. The amount of carbon respired from the trunk surface were ranged 14-20% of the assimilated carbon. In winter, the tree respired carbon from relatively upper trunk surface and lower in other seasons.