Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM09] Dynamics in magnetosphere and ionosphere

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 302 (3F)

Convener:*Shin'ya Nakano(The Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Yoshizumi Miyoshi(Solar-Terrestrial Environement Laboratory, Nagoya University), Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yoshimasa Tanaka(National Institute of Polar Research), Tomoaki Hori(Nagoya University Solar Terrestrial Environment Laboratory Geospace Research Center), Chair:Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PEM09-19] High current density observations in the near-Earth plasma sheet and substorm dynamics

*Miho SAITO1 (1.Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:substorm, THEMIS, magnetotail, current sheet

The statistical properties of the near-Earth current sheet from 8 Re to 12 Re were recently revealed by the THEMIS multi-spacecraft measurements. A typical cross-tail current density was found to be ~2 nA/m2, while in some cases, the current density increased above 4 nA/m2. In contrast to the commonly accepted picture, these high current densities appeared in two magnetic configurations: tail-like and dipolar structure. The former configuration is a typical feature during the substorm growth phase and quiet times. Although the high current density was associated with the tail-like structure, we ruled out the notion that the high current density is caused by plasma sheet compression. Instead, we discuss that an alternative process of plasma sheet thinning proposed by Hsieh and Otto [2014], which is caused by an erosion of the magnetic flux in the dayside rather than the loaded magnetic flux in the tail, is relevant. The latter configuration of dipolar structure is a typical feature during the substorm expansion phase. A strong field aligned current was also associated with the high cross-tail current density observations. These high current densities lasted several to a few tens of minutes after the local dipolarization onsets. While the dipolarization is a fast process with a time scale of <1 min, diminishing the growth phase current sheet, which is a measure of the magnetic energy, is found to be a slower process.