Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS21] Atmospheric Chemistry

Thu. May 28, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 201B (2F)

Convener:*Yousuke Sawa(Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Nobuyuki Takegawa(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Yugo Kanaya(Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kenshi Takahashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chair:Motoki Sasakawa(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[AAS21-13] Observations of O3, CO, CO2 and CH4 concentrations at Happo and estimations of the source by chemical transport model

*Sachiko OKAMOTO1, Hiroshi TANIMOTO1, Hideki NARA1, Kohei IKEDA1, Kazuyo YAMAJI2 (1.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 2.Kobe University)

Keywords:ozone, carbon monoxide, methane, carbon dioxide

A large increase in tropospheric O3 concentrations was observed during spring for the period from 1998 to 2006 at Mt. Happo Observatory (36.7oN, 137.8oE, 1840 m asl), which is one of the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) stations (Tanimoto, 2009). The increase in the springtime O3 reproduced by a regional chemistry-transport model incorporating the updated anthropogenic emissions inventory in East Asia can only explain about half of the observed O3 increase (Tanimoto et al., 2009). On the other hand, previous source-receptor analysis by a global chemistry-transport model indicated that the contributions of local and regional sources can vary, depending on individual episodes (Wild et al., 2004). For better understanding of the discrepancies between the model prediction and observational evidence, it is necessary to better characterize air masses at Mt. Happo by simultaneous measurements of additional tracers like CO, CO2, and CH4.
Starting in July 2013, we have made continuous measurements of CO, CO2 and CH4 as well as O3 at Mt. Happo. We found that the O3 levels at Mt. Happo increased until 2007, and then the increase slowed down and now decreased to the same level as in 1990s. The CO concentrations observed for the period of 2013-2014 was found to be lower than those in 1990s. In particular, the current CO levels were 50 ppbv lower than in 1990s during summer. In total, 44 events associated with O3 enhancement were identified for the period from July 2013 to August 2014. Correlations of CO with CO2 and CH4 with CO2 were used to identify possible source regions for individual episodes. Emission ratios (ΔCO/ΔCO2 and ΔCH4/ΔCO2) were calculated in each event, and compared with the ratios estimated by the regional emission inventory in Asia (REAS; Kurokawa et al., 2013). There is a discrepancy between two emission ratios. TheΔCO/ΔCO2 indicated that most events except summer were affected by the emissions from East Asia. On the other hand, the ΔCH4/ΔCO2 indicated that most of events were caused by the emissions from Japan and Korea. It is difficult to identify the source regions by the ratios only.
We compared the observations with the model calculations by CMAQ v4.7.1, a regional chemistry-transport model, with the horizontal and vertical resolutions of 80 km and 37 layers, respectively. The model calculations well reproduced variability and seasonal changes of CO. For O3, although the model prediction was higher than the observed, in particular during the summer season, the model reproduced the O3 enhancement events reasonably well. The source regions inferred by the model will be discussed in the presentation.