Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS46] Marine manganese deposits: Origin, growth processes, and environment

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Akira Usui(Dept, Natural Science), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Takashi Ito(Faculty of Education, Ibaraki University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[MIS46-P03] Microstratigraphic description of ferromanganese crusts from the Ryusei Seamount, Kyusyu-Palau Ridge

*Keisuke NISHI1, Akira USUI1, Graham IAN2 (1.Geology Dept., Kochi Univ., 2.Institute of Geological and Nuclear Science)

Keywords:ferromanganese crust, NW Pacific, Kyusyu-Palau Ridge, stratigraphy

Hydrogenetic ferromanganese crusts occur widely on the floor of the northwestern Pacific Ocean, south and east of the Japanese Islands. The ferromanganese crusts were collected with a ROV, the Hyper-dolphin from the Ryusei Seamount, Kyusyu-Palau Ridge, Philippine Sea Plate, and analyzed for microstratigraphy, mineralogy, chemistry, and Be isotopes. These crusts contain abundant detrital particles such as quartz, and plagioclase, and are high in Al and Fe and low in Mn, Co, and Ni concentrations compared with the crusts on the Pacific Plate. The extrapolated surface age from 10Be/9Be growth curves of the crusts is about zero, and the growth rate varies from 1.7 to 8.9 mm/Myr, which is significantly faster than those for the Central Pacific crusts (Hein et al., 2000). The chemical and mineralogical analyses indicate that the crusts of the Ryusei Seamount are strongly contaminated with detritus compared with those of the Pacific Plate due to abundant terrigenous supply from the continents such as eolian dust and clay minerals. A geological setting and oceanographical environments have controlled their growth rate, and internal structures.