Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS22] Formation and evolution of planetary materials in the solar system

Thu. May 28, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Tomohiro Usui(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences,Tokyo Institute of Technology), Yusuke Seto(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masaaki Miyahara(Department of Earth and Planetary Systems Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University), Makoto Kimura(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Hikaru Yabuta(Osaka University, Department of Earth and Space Science), Chair:Shoichi Itoh(Graduate school of Science, Kyoto University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[PPS22-10] High precision neodymium isotopic analysis of chondrites with complete sample digestion

*Ryota FUKAI1, Tetsuya YOKOYAMA1, Saya KAGAMI1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:isotopic heterogeneity, isotopic anomaly, chondrite, neodymium, TIMS, presolar grain

A variety of isotope anomalies have been discovered in bulk chondrites and differentiated meteorites (e.g., Cr, Mo [1, 2]). These results point to the existence of planetary-scale isotope heterogeneities for refractory heavy elements, which are most likely due to the heterogeneous distribution of presolar grains (e.g., SiC, graphite) in the protosolar nebula before the onset of planetesimal formation.
High precision Nd isotope analyses in meteorites have been the center of interest in recent cosmochemistry community. One of the most remarkable results is that chondrites possess 142Nd/144Nd ratios 〜20 ppm lower than those in terrestrial rocks [3]. The anomaly was interpreted to be caused by the Sm-Nd fractionation via early differentiation of the terrestrial mantle. On the other hand, variations in stable Nd isotopes (e.g., 148,150Nd/144Nd) have been documented in chondrites [4]. Although the authors concluded that the observed variation was due to incomplete digestion of presolar grain-bearing samples, the existence of Nd isotope anomalies in bulk aliquots of chondrites remains unclear unless high precision Nd isotope data with complete sample digestion become available.
In this study, we revisit high precision Nd isotope analysis of chondrites coupled with a new sample digestion technique that confirms complete dissolution of acid resistant presolar grains. We also develop a modified dynamic multicollection method using TIMS to improve the analytical reproducibilities.
We investigated two carbonaceous chondrites (Murchison, CM2; Allende, CV3), five ordinary chondrites (Kesen, H4; Chergach, H5; Saratov, L4; Hamlet, LL4; St.Severlin, LL6). The ordinary and Rumuruti chondrites with a petrologic grade greater than 3 were dissolved by a conventional acid digestion method using HNO3 + HF + HClO4 [5]. For carbonaceous chondrites, each sample was digested using a high-pressure digestion system (DAB-2, Berghof) with HF + HNO3 + H2SO4 to completely dissolve acid resistant presolar grains [6].
The Nd isotope compositions were measured by TIMS (Triton-plus, Tokyo Tech). In previous studies, Nd isotope compositions of bulk meteorites have been commonly measured in the “static-multicollection” mode, which may be affected by the time-related deterioration of Faraday cups [7]. In contrast, the “multi-static” [8] or “dynamic-multicollection” methods can reduce the effect of cup deterioration by acquiring Nd isotopes with multiple lines of different cup configurations within a single analytical cycle. In this study, we developed a modified “dynamic-multicollection” method.
In contrast to the static mode, the dynamic method achieved improved reproducibilities as follows; 142Nd/144Nd: 2.8 ppm, 148Nd/144Nd: 4.5 ppm, and 150Nd/144Nd: 9.2 ppm. It should be noted that improvements of reproducibilities are evident for 148Nd/144Nd and 150Nd/144Nd ratios even compared to those obtained in the multi-static method (6 ppm and 19 ppm, respectively) conducted in [8].
All samples have μ142Nd values 20–30 ppm lower than the terrestrial value. In contrast, all but one sample (Allende) have μ148Nd values indistinguishable from the terrestrial value. Likewise, μ150Nd values in chondrites are generally within the range of the terrestrial component. Although the data points are limited, this study suggests that stable Nd isotopes were homogenously distributed in the protosolar nebula, at least for carbonaceous, ordinary, and Rumuruti chondrites.

References: [1] Trinquier, A. et al. (2007) ApJ, 655, 1179. [2] Burkhardt, C. et al. (2011) EPSL, 312, 390. [3] Boyet, M. and Carlson, R. (2005) Science, 309, 576. [4] Carlson, R. et al. (2007) Science, 316, 1175. [5] T. Yokoyama et al. (1999) Chem Geol., 157, 175. [6] T. Yokoyama et al. (2015) EPSL, in press. [7] Brandon, A. et al. (2009) GCA, 73, 6421. [8] Caro, G. et al. (2006) Geochim, 70, 164.