Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Volcanic and igneous activities, and these long-term forecasting

Tue. May 26, 2015 2:15 PM - 4:00 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Teruki Oikawa(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Daisuke MIURA(Geosphere Sciences, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Yoshihiro Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuo Geshi(Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Kosuke Ishige(Earth and Planetary System Science Department of Natural History Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

3:15 PM - 3:30 PM

[SVC47-16] Slab-mantle thermal structure beneath northeast Kamchatka Peninsula constrained from high-Mg basalts and andesites

*Tatsuji NISHIZAWA1, Hitomi NAKAMURA2, Tatiana Churikova3, Gordeychik Boris4, Osam ISHIZUKA5, Hikaru IWAMORI2 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Institute of Volcanology and Seismology, FED, RAS, 4.Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, RAS, 5.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

Keywords:mantle thermal structure, arc volcano, high-Mg andesite, slab, subducting seamount

The Kamchatka Peninsula is one of the most active volcanic arcs and corresponds to subduction of slab near the northwestern edge of the Pacific Plate. The northeastern part of Kamchatka Peninsula involves (i) triple junction including the edge of the Pacific Plate, and (ii) subduction of the seamount chain. As a result, the world-most active volcanic group (Kliuchevskoy Volcanic Group; KVG) with a wide across-arc volcanic zone (∼400 km) is seen in this area, associated with systematic spatial variations in rock type and chemistry, including adakite near the slab edge (Portnyagin and Manea, 2008; Bryant et al., 2011). This study aims at understanding the physical-chemical conditions beneath the northeastern Kamchatka Peninsula, by studying monogenetic volcanoes and the primitive lavas near the northeastern end of the volcanic chain.
We have performed field survey and sampling of the monogenetic volcanic group (East Cones; EC) in the Kumroch Range where the Eastern Volcanic Front (EVF) terminates. EC are located above the slab of 50-80 km depth (i.e., in a fore-arc region) (Gorbatov et al., 1997) and 60-100 km south from the slab edge. About 15 monogenetic cones are distributed along the eastern cast over ∼60 km distance. The samples from eight cones have been newly analyzed to yield the first data set on major-trace-isotopic compositions and, the K-Ar age.
The mineral assemblage of EC lavas is uniform: olivine, clinopyroxene, plagioclase, and magnetite. Based on the SiO2, MgO, and Al2O3 contents, the EC lavas are classified into 5 rock-types: high-Mg basalt (HMB), high-Al basalt (HAB), high-Mg andesite (HMA), and other basalts (B) and basaltic andesites (BA). Most of the EC lavas have primitive compositions (FeO/MgO<1, Mg#>0.63) except for HAB.
All EC lavas have the common geochemical feature of the subduction-related magmas (e.g., HFSE depletion relative to LILE), suggesting important roles of water. Based on hydrous melting experiments of HMB and HMA (Tatsumi, 1982), the water contents for individual primitive magmas are estimated as follows: HMB: 2 wt.%, HAB:4 wt.%, HMA: 4-7 wt.%, B: 2.6 wt.%, BA: 3.3 wt.% respectively. Melting temperature of these primitive melts in the mantle (1.5 GPa) is estimated to be 1100-1200 ℃ , based on modeling for HREE abundances and the water contents estimated above, using the hydrous melting relations (Iwamori, 1998). The melting temperature is comparable to numerical model with an average thermal condition in arc setting (Iwamori and Zhao, 2000; Manea and Manea, 2007). Combining these information with the previously published genetic PT and water conditions in the neighboring areas, horizontal heat transport from the slab edge region (i.e., roughly from north to south) as was suggested in the previous studies (Yogodzinski et al., 2007) is not supported. We also estimate the slab surface temperature by using H2O/Ce thermometer (Cooper et al., 2012). The estimated slab surface temperature is 620∼730℃. Unifying the estimated slab surface temperature and the mantle melting temperature, together with trace element and isotopic characteristics, we propose that a subducted seamount which inherited a local thermal anomaly could have enhanced the flux of slab-derived fluid (not slab melt), and caused flux-melting to produce the high-Mg andesite and basalts, in the for-arc region.