Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS24] Origin and evolution of materials in space

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM A02 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Takafumi Ootsubo(Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo), Mitsuhiko Honda(Department of Mathematics and Physics, Kanagawa University), Chair:Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University)

12:30 PM - 12:45 PM

[PPS24-07] Hydrogenation and deuteration of solid aromatic hydrocarbon by quantum tunneling

*Tetsuya HAMA1, Hirokazu UETA1, Akira KOUCHI1, Naoki WATANABE1 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Aromatic hydrocarbons, hydrogenation, deuterium enrichment, quantum tunneling, molecular clouds

Surface tunneling reactions on interstellar dust (e.g., CO + H or D) are crucial to explain the abundances of organic molecules like methanol and their deuterated isotopologues observed in cold dense interstellar regions (≤100 K), such as molecular clouds, where thermally activated reactions rarely occur at low temperatures. Aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons are two of the main components of interstellar and circumstellar dust, and benzene (C6H6) must be a precursor of interstellar polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and hydrogenated amorphous carbon grains. The present study investigates the following hydrogenation/deuteration reactions of amorphous solid C6H6 over a wide temperature range (10-50 K).
C6H6 + H(D) ➞ C6H7(C6H6D)Ea = 18.2 kJ mol-1,[R1]
C6H7 + H(D) ➞ C6H8(C6H6D2),[R2]
C6H8 + H(D) ➞ C6H9(C6H6D3)Ea = 6.3 kJ mol-1,[R3]
C6H9 + H(D) ➞ C6H10(C6H6D4),[R4]
C6H10 + H(D) ➞ C6H11(C6H6D5)Ea = 10.5 kJ mol-1,[R5]
C6H11 + H(D) ➞ C6H12(C6H6D6).[R6]
Ea is the activation barrier for H-atom addition in the gas phase. The radical recombination reactions R2, R4, and R6 are barrierless on the surface. We experimentally demonstrate that cold H and D atoms can efficiently add to solid benzene by tunneling at temperatures as low as 10-50 K. The present study is the first report on a nonenergetic deuteration process of aromatic hydrocarbons at low temperatures. In comparison to C6H6, PAHs tend to have lower activation barriers to H or D addition owing to the higher flexibility. Therefore, we suggest that interstellar aromatic hydrocarbons including PAHs and C6H6 can be hydrogenated or deuterated by the tunneling of H or D atoms at low temperatures. The deuteration of interstellar aromatic hydrocarbons is of particular important, because these molecules represent a major carrier of deuterium enrichment observed in carbonaceous meteorites and interplanetary dust particles. As the gaseous atomic D/H ratio in molecular clouds can be also strongly enhanced for elemental ratios of 1.5 × 10-5 to 10-2-10-1, our results suggest that tunneling might represent a major deuteration mechanism for interstellar aromatic hydrocarbons, because surface tunneling is especially facilitated in the cold dense interstellar environments.