Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS31] Interface- and nano-phenomena on crystal growth and dissolution

Wed. May 27, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 102A (1F)

Convener:*Yuki Kimura(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Hitoshi Miura(Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Department of Information and Biological Sciences, Nagoya City University), Katsuo Tsukamoto(Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Hisao Satoh(Naka Energy Research Laboratory, Mitsubishi Materials Corporation), Chair:Yuki Kimura(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[MIS31-07] Controlling surface tunneling reactions of solid benzene via surface structure

*Tetsuya HAMA1, Hirokazu UETA1, Akira KOUCHI1, Naoki WATANABE1, Hiroto TACHIKAWA2 (1.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Division of Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Aromatic hydrocarbons, hydrogenation, amorphous structure, crystalline structure, quantum tunneling, reaction control

Organic molecular solids including thin films and fine particles generally exhibit a range of crystalline phases as well as an amorphous state. The dependence of chemical reactivities on their surface structure has attracted considerable attention because they play a crucial role in an almost limitless amount of research fields, ranging from atmospheric and interstellar chemistry to biological and material sciences. However, despite the rapid accumulation of structural information about organic materials, the correlation between the surface structure of these materials and their chemical properties is not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that the surface structure of an organic molecular solid determines its chemical reactivity toward an adsorbate. We investigated the following sequential hydrogen (H) atom addition to amorphous and crystalline benzene (C6H6)
C6H6 + H ➞ C6H7 Ea = 18.2 kJ mol-1, [R1]
C6H7 + H ➞ C6H8, [R2]
C6H8 + H ➞ C6H9 Ea = 6.3 kJ mol-1, [R3]
C6H9 + H ➞ C6H10, [R4]
C6H10 + H ➞ C6H11 Ea = 10.5 kJ mol-1, [R5]
C6H11 + H ➞ C6H12. [R6]
Ea is the activation barrier for H-atom addition in the gas phase. The radical recombination reactions R2, R4, and R6 are barrierless on the surface. In situ infrared spectroscopy revealed that cold H atoms can add to the amorphous benzene surface at 20 K to form cyclohexane (C6H12) by tunneling. However, hydrogenation of crystalline benzene is greatly suppressed. We suggest that the origin of the high selectivity of hydrogenation by tunneling is the difference of geometric constraints; that is, the presence of reactive dangling C6H6 molecules that lacks near neighbors on the amorphous C6H6 surface and the strong intermolecular steric hindrance on the crystalline C6H6. The present findings can lead us to a better understanding of heterogeneous reaction systems involving tunneling, and also provide the possibility of nonenergetic surface chemical modification without undesired side reactions or physical processes.