6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SCG61-P03] Relationship between crustal strain and groundwater level at wells in Hokkaido, Japan
Keywords:change of groundwater level, crustal strain, thermal water, aquifer, Hokkaido
We have long-term data on groundwater levels measured at 19 wells in Hokkaido, Japan, an area where large earthquakes occur frequently (Akita and Matsumoto, 2004; Shibata et al, 2010). In addition, we have data on the coseismic changes due to six earthquakes with magnitude seven (M 7) or greater in the Hokkaido region from 1993 to 2004: the 1993 Kushiro-oki (M 7.6), the 1993 Hokkaido-Nansei-oki (M 7.8), the 1994 Hokkaido-Toho-oki (M 8.1), the 1994 Sanriku-Haruka-oki (M 7.5), the 2003 Tokachi-oki (M 8.0), and the 2004 Kushiro-oki (M 7.1).
We estimate strain sensitivities in two ways: (a) using the well response to tidal strain and (b) using coseismic changes in groundwater level based on historical data. The strain sensitivities estimated by the two different methods have good linear correlation. We also estimate loading efficiency using observational records and calculate bulk moduli from the loading efficiencies and strain sensitivities. The bulk moduli obtained in this manner are roughly consistent with laboratory values.
Akita & Matsumoto, GRL, 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL020433, 2004
Igarashi & Wakita, JGR, 96, 4269-4278, 1991.
Shibata et al., Tectonophysics, 483, 305-309, 2010.