Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-CG Complex & General

[S-CG61] Crustal fluids and deformation

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Naoji Koizumi(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Koji Umeda(Tono Geoscience Center,Japan Atomic Energy Agency), Norio Matsumoto(Tectono-Hydrology Research Group, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)), Hidemi Tanaka(School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Kohei Kazahaya(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Fumiaki Tsunomori(Laboratory for Earthquake Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[SCG61-P03] Relationship between crustal strain and groundwater level at wells in Hokkaido, Japan

*Tomo SHIBATA1, Akita FUJIO2, Ryuji IKEDA3, Norio MATSUMOTO4 (1.Institute for Geothermal Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Geological Survey of Hokkaido, Hokkaido Research Organization, 3.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, 4.Tectono-Hydrology Research Group, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industr)

Keywords:change of groundwater level, crustal strain, thermal water, aquifer, Hokkaido

The natural fluctuation of groundwater level depends not only on the stress applied to an aquifer but also on the type of rock that comprises it. Linear poroelasticity provides a compelling relationship between fluid pressure and deformation of fluid-saturated rock, and is an excellent parameter for analyzing hydraulic phenomena. One linear poroelastic response, coseismic change in groundwater level, has been studied for many years (e.g., Igarashi and Wakita, 1991).
We have long-term data on groundwater levels measured at 19 wells in Hokkaido, Japan, an area where large earthquakes occur frequently (Akita and Matsumoto, 2004; Shibata et al, 2010). In addition, we have data on the coseismic changes due to six earthquakes with magnitude seven (M 7) or greater in the Hokkaido region from 1993 to 2004: the 1993 Kushiro-oki (M 7.6), the 1993 Hokkaido-Nansei-oki (M 7.8), the 1994 Hokkaido-Toho-oki (M 8.1), the 1994 Sanriku-Haruka-oki (M 7.5), the 2003 Tokachi-oki (M 8.0), and the 2004 Kushiro-oki (M 7.1).
We estimate strain sensitivities in two ways: (a) using the well response to tidal strain and (b) using coseismic changes in groundwater level based on historical data. The strain sensitivities estimated by the two different methods have good linear correlation. We also estimate loading efficiency using observational records and calculate bulk moduli from the loading efficiencies and strain sensitivities. The bulk moduli obtained in this manner are roughly consistent with laboratory values.

Akita & Matsumoto, GRL, 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL020433, 2004
Igarashi & Wakita, JGR, 96, 4269-4278, 1991.
Shibata et al., Tectonophysics, 483, 305-309, 2010.