Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS28] High-resolution paleoclimate observatory network in East Asia-NW Pacific region

Thu. May 28, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Ken Ikehara(Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Masanobu Yamamoto(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Kana Nagashima(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Research and Development Center for Global Change)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS28-18] Variabilities of water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa based on branched GDGT distribution over the last 280,000 years

*Taku AJIOKA1, Masanobu YAMAMOTO2, Keiji TAKEMURA3, Akira HAYASHIDA4, Hiroyuki KITAGAWA5 (1.Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, AIST, 2.Faculty of Enviromental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 3.Beppu Geothermal Research laboratory Institute for Geothermal Science, Kyoto University, 4.Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University, 5.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:Lake Biwa, lake sediment, lake water pH, GDGT, MBT, CBT

We generated a 280,000 yr record of water pH and temperature in Lake Biwa, central Japan, by analysing the methylation index (MBT') and cyclisation ratio (CBT) of branched tetraethers in sediments from piston and borehole cores. Our aim was to understand the responses of precipitation and air temperature in central Japan to the East Asian monsoon variability on orbital timescales. Because the water pH in Lake Biwa is determined by phosphorus and alkali cation inputs, the record of water pH should indicate the changes in precipitation and temperature in central Japan. Comparison with a pollen assemblage in a Lake Biwa core suggests that lake water pH was determined by summer temperature in the low-eccentricity period before 55 ka, while it was determined by summer precipitation in the high-eccentricity period after 55 ka. From 130 to 55 ka, the variation in lake pH (summer precipitation) lagged behind that in summer temperature by several thousand years. This perspective is consistent with the conclusions of previous studies (Igarashi and Oba, 2006; Yamamoto, 2009), in that the temperature variation preceded the precipitation variation in central Japan.