Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-DS Disaster geosciences

[H-DS27] Tsunami and Tsunami Forecast

Wed. May 27, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Yutaka Hayashi(Meteorological Research Institute), Yuichi Namegaya(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Hideaki Yanagisawa(Department of regional Management, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Tohoku Gakuin University)

5:00 PM - 5:15 PM

[HDS27-21] Tsunami simulation using seabed displacement due to fault slip obtained by boundary integration

*Shinichi AKIYAMA1, Hiroyuki FUJIWARA2, Norihiko HASHIMOTO1, Mariko KORENAGA1, Yuta ABE1, Hisanori MATSUYAMA3, Yoichi MURASHIMA4 (1.ITOCHU Techno-Solutions Corporation, 2.National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, 3.OYO Corporation, 4.KOKUSAI KOGYO CO., LTD)

Keywords:boundary integration, plate boundary, seabed displacement, tsunami simulation

Initial water level of tsunami is generally considered equal to seabed displacement due to fault slip in simulation of tsunami which is generated by earthquake. Exact solution for displacement due to rectangular fault slip in elastic half space (Okada, 1985) has been widely applied to obtain the seabed displacement numerically.
On the other hand, we developed a new method to calculate the seabed displacement using boundary integration (Akiyama, et al. 2014). Our proposed method has advantages to calculate the seabed displacement easily only with the boundary integration for the fault surface, considering the seabed as an elastic half space and applying the Green's function which satisfies the free surface boundary condition, and to calculate the displacement adopting the irregular fault plane faithfully. The proposed method also has a feature that we can remove perfectly the influence of singularity of Green's function applying the Projection and Angular & Radial Transformation (PART) method (Hayami and Brebbia, 1988), when a fault plane is near from a seabed surface.
In this study, first, we calculate the seabed displacement due to the fault slip which is expected to occur in the plate boundary of the subduction area around Japan using the exact solution by Okada and the proposed method to compare the both results. Second, we execute tsunami simulations which the initial water level is considered equal to these displacements obtained above, and examine the difference between both results.
This research was carried out as part of Tsunami Hazard Assessment for Japan by National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED).

Okada, Y. (1985) Surface deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a half-space, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 75, 1435-1154.
Akiyama, S., H. Fujiwara and N. Hashimoto (2014) A new calculation method for seabed displacement due to fault slip by boundary integration, JpGU 2014, HDS27-14
Hayami, K. and C.A. Brebbia (1988) Quadrature methods for singular and nearly singular integrals in 3-D boundary element method, (Invited paper), Proc. 10th Int. Conf. on Boundary Elements, Southampton, Computational Mechanics Publication with Springer-Verlag, Vol. 1, pp. 237-264