Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS24] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Thu. May 28, 2015 9:00 AM - 10:45 AM 102B (1F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[MIS24-11] Distribution of atmospheric gas concentration in eastern margin of Japan Sea: A preliminary report from the 7K14 cruises

*Shinsuke AOKI1, Shujiro KOMIYA1, Kosuke NOBORIO2, Ryo MATSUMOTO3 (1.Graduate School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 2.School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 3.Organization for the Strategic Laboratory of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University)

Keywords:shallow gas hydrates, methane gas, distribution of gas concentration

Hydrate of natural gas is widely distributed in marine sediments in the eastern margin of Japan Sea. The natural deposits of gas hydrates are estimated to hold higher reserves than known conventional gas reservoirs. An active seepage of gas from the seafloor has previously been reported from gas hydrate fields worldwide. Atmospheric methane (CH4), major component of seep gases, is an important short-lived climate pollutant. Our objective was to measure the distribution of atmospheric CH4 concentration over the sea surface of gas hydrate areas along the eastern margin of Japan Sea.
We used the R/V Kaiyo-Maru No.7 (Kaiyo Engineering Co., Ltd., Japan) for the survey in the Oki Trough and offshore Akita-Yamagata (Mogami Trough) from mid April to early June 2014. Continuous measurement of atmospheric CH4 was performed on the ship using a wave-length-scanned cavity ring-down spectrometer (WS-CRDS) (model G2201-i, Picarro Inc., USA). Air sample was collected from an air intake at the top deck of the ship using an air pump placed in the observation room. To our experience, the ship sailed at approximately 6 knot. Location data were obtained from the nautical GPS.
Observed CH4 concentration over the sea surface was not uniform in Mogami Trough, while mostly uniform throughout the Oki Trough. In addition, there was a tendency that CH4 concentration in Mogami Trough was higher than that in Oki Trough.
This research was a part of METI's project entitled "FY2014 Promoting research and development on methane hydrate".