9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[PEM09-16] Generation of geomagnetic Pc5 pulsations by compressional waves penetrating from the solar wind: a case study
Keywords:geomagnetic pulsations, ULF waves, substorm, energetic particles
There were two maxima ~ 1.3 mHz and ~1.7 mHz in the spectra of the oscillations in the interplanetary medium, in the magnetosphere and on the ground. In the interplanetary medium the compression oscillations corresponding to the slow magnetosonic wave were recorded. According to the observations in the magnetosphere (in noon and evening sectors), the maximum amplitude of the oscillations of the magnetic field has been registered in the compression component. Modulation of energetic protons fluxes was caused by pulsations. Anti-phase variations of the magnetic field and plasma pressure were registered.
Pulsations by both ground and satellite observations in the magnetosphere in the morning sector were circularly polarized corresponding to the formation of vortices in the ionosphere and magnetosphere. The change of polarization to the opposite at latitudes above 66⁰ was observed.
By ground-based observations in the morning sector, the geomagnetic pulsations accompanied by modulation of intensity of riometer absorption and VLF emission at latitudes 66⁰ and 56⁰, correspondingly.
The results of the data analysis indicated the resonance excitation mechanism of pulsations due to the penetration of compression waves from the interplanetary medium to the magnetosphere.
The work was partially supported by RFBR grants № 13-05-00363 (MA) and № 15-45-05090 (MV).