6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[AAS21-P23] Validation of GOSAT/TANSO-FTS TIR CO2 profiles using aircraft CO2 data
Keywords:GOSAT, validation, CO2, aircraft measurement
First, we assumed CONTRAIL data obtained during ascending and descending flights over airports as a "CO2 profile", and then compared TIR CO2 profiles with the CONTRAIL CO2 profiles to which the TIR averaging kernel functions were applied. We adopted a distance between the GOSAT observation and the airport within 300 km and a time difference between the two observations within 72 hour as criteria for the comparison. Here, we used the CONTRAIL profile data obtained over the ten airports: Moscow, Amsterdam, Vancouver, Narita, Delhi, Honolulu, Bangkok, Singapore, and Djakarta. We also used CONTRAIL and CARIBIC level flight data to validate the global distributions of TIR upper tropospheric CO2 data. We divided the level flight aircraft data into several regions, and then compared the averaged aircraft data with the averaged TIR data in each region.
From the CO2 profile comparisons at each airport, we found the TIR data had a low bias of 1-1.5%. The magnitude of the bias varied depending on seasons and latitudes; in spring and summer in low latitude, the magnitude of the bias was larger than that in autumn and winter in mid and high latitudes. From the upper tropospheric CO2 comparisons, the TIR data showed better agreements to the aircraft data than the a priori data, and the distribution of the TIR upper tropospheric CO2 data had a similar pattern to the distribution of the aircraft data. In the poster, we will also report the details of the comparisons using other aircraft data.
We thank the staff and engineers of Japan Airlines, the JAL Foundation, and JAMCO Tokyo for supporting the CONTRAIL project. CARIBIC data used in this study were provided by the CARIBIC project. We also thank Dr. C. Brenninkmeijer and other members of the CARIBIC project.