Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CC Cryospheric Sciences & Cold District Environment

[A-CC28] Glaciology

Mon. May 25, 2015 2:15 PM - 3:00 PM 201B (2F)

Convener:*Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yuji Kodama(National Institute of Polar Research), Chair:Yuji Kodama(National Institute of Polar Research)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[ACC28-14] Spatial and temporal variability of surface snow chemistry and snow deposited condition at East Antarctic ice sheet

*Hideaki MOTOYAMA1, Kazue SUZUKI2, Motohiro HIRABAYASHI1 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, 2.Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Keywords:Antarctic ice sheet, depositional condition, surface snow, snow chemistry

Snow stakes along the traverse routes have been observed for long term monitoring program 'the variation of ice sheet surface mass balance' from the 1960's by the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition in Shirase glacier drainage basin, East Antarctica. During the traverse route between coastal S16 point (69 02'S, 40 03'E, 580m a.s.l.) to inland Dome Fuji (77 22'S, 39 42'E, 3,810m a.s.l.), the snow stake observations every 2 km have been carried out from 1993. Yearly net snow accumulations from S16 to Dome Fuji were calculated.
Surface snow samplings were conducted every 10km along the traverse route. Generally, the snow surface features are classified into three regions.
(1) coastal region: smooth surface, high snow accumulation
(2) katabatic slope region: rough sastrugi surface and smooth glazed surface
(3) high plateau region: smooth surface, little snow accumulation
We will show the spatial and temporal variability of surface snow accumulation and snow chemistry at East Antarctic ice sheet.
The chemistry of surface snow changes from the coast to inland. Furthermore, the chemical properties of snow are different for each surface at the same area. We can classify the surface snow with fresh drifting snow, deposited drift snow, soft and hard surface snow, sastrugi, surface hoar and so on. The value of each isotope ration and ion concentration greatly varied. Sometimes, snow might deposit thick equally. But the deposited snow was redistributed by the wind. When the snowstorm occurred, the blowing snow started to deposit in a certain opportunity. As for it, the area was not the uniform. It is necessary to discuss inhomogeneity of the depositional condition quantitatively.