Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS21] Atmospheric Chemistry

Wed. May 27, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Yousuke Sawa(Oceanography and Geochemistry Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Nobuyuki Takegawa(Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University), Yugo Kanaya(Research Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Kenshi Takahashi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Hiroshi Tanimoto(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[AAS21-P13] Observation of optical and chemical properties of aerosols at a forest site in Kii Peninsula during summer of 2014

*Ryo KUBODERA1, Tomoki NAKAYAMA2, Sara KAGAMI3, Yange DENG3, Shuhei OGAWA3, Michihiro MOCHIDA3, Kouji ADACHI4, Kazuma AOKI5, Yutaka MATSUMI2 (1.Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, 2.Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University, 3.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, 4.Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency, 5.Faculty of Science, University of Toyama)

Keywords:Aerosol optical property, Ambient measurement, Forest site, Biogenic SOA, Lensing effect, Photoacoustic spectroscopy

Aerosols scatter and absorb solar radiation and influence to the radiation balance in the atmosphere. Forests are a significant source of both primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs) and biogenic secondary organic aerosols (BSOAs). In addition, polluted air masses including sulfate and black carbon (BC) particles may also be long range transported to forest areas in Japan. If the BC particles were coated with inorganic and/or organic materials during the long-range transport, the light absorption of BC could be enhanced due to the lensing effect. However, relations of aerosol optical properties including lensing effect with chemical properties of aerosols in Asian forest area have not been well understood. In this work, optical and chemical properties of aerosols were simultaneously measured in a forest site in Japan.
The observations were conducted from 17 July to 3 September 2014 at the Wakayama Forest Research Station, Kyoto University, Japan (34.06N, 135.52E, around 535 m above sea level), which is located in the central part of Kii Peninsula. Ambient particles were sampled from an inlet placed at 6.4 m above ground level. Absorption and scattering coefficients of PM1 particles were measured using two photoacoustic spectrometers (PASS-3 at λ = 405, 532, 781 nm and PAX at λ = 375 nm, DMT) after passing aerosols through a heater controlled at 300℃ or a bypass line by switching ball valves every 10 min. By comparing absorption coefficients at 781 nm with and without heating, increase in BC light absorption due to coating can be estimated. Mass concentrations of non-refractory materials were measured using an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS, Aerodyne Research). Mass concentrations of elemental carbon (EC) and organic carbon (OC) were also measured by thermo-optical technique using a semi-continuous EC/OC analyzer (Sunset Lab.). Size distributions of particles were measured using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS, TSI) and optical particle counters (OPCs, RION and TSI). Aerosol particles were also collected using an impactor for morphological analysis using a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Optical thickness (AOT) and extinction Angstrom exponent of aerosols were also measured using a Skyradiometer (Prede). In the presentation, relation between the obtained optical properties with chemical and physical properties of aerosols will be discussed.