6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[SSS26-P12] Extraction of Po-to-s converted waves from OBS records
We used records of earthquakes during 2010-2014 with magnitudes greater than 5.5 and epicentral distances less than 30o, which were observed at 18 broadband OBSs deployed by NOMan project. We selected Po records with good S/N, and handpicked their arrival times. For deconvolution, the time window was set to be -2∼25 s from the arrival time of Po wave. The used frequency was 2-5 Hz. As a result, we totally collected 1063 traces from 233 events.
RF traces showed clear Ps converted phases from the basement and Moho. In addition, they showed PwPs from the basement and Moho. Here, PwP is the first water reverberation, and PwPs is P-to-s reflected wave from interfaces below the seafloor. At the seafloor, upgoing P wave incidence mainly generates upgoing transmitted P wave and less downgoing reflected P wave. As a result, P-to-s converted waves associated with PwP are often emerged in the RF traces in the seafloor observation.
Since the location of OBSs deployed by NOMan project is good for collecting earthquakes from the Aleutian, Kuril, Japan, Izu-Ogasawara, and Mariana trenches, the back azimuth coverage of Po wave is excellent. Also, since higher frequency components are enough in Po coda waves, RF traces showed clear converted phases, which enable us to investigate seismic structure of oceanic crust and sediment in details.