6:15 PM - 7:30 PM
[BCG28-P13] Geological and geochemical study of lower-Fig Tree Group in Josefsdal, South Africa
Keywords:Carbonaceous sedimentary rock, Hydrothermal process, Barberton Greenstone Belt, Fig Tree Group
Result of the outcrop survey revealed that our research areas correspond to stratigraphy to that of Hoffman (2005), who studied area in the Fig Tree Group in the BGB. Mineralogical investigations showed that Ni-rich sulfide minerals were abundant and some of them were chemically zoned in the black chert. These observations suggest that represent carbonaceous sediments in the lower-Fig Tree Group were silicified by later hydrothermal fluids which contain abundant Ni, most likely coming from ultramafic rocks. Using the raman geothermometer, the peak temperature about CM in the black chert in the Fig Tree Group is estimated to be approximately lower than 330±50℃, suggesting very low metamorphic grade (lower green schist).
Additionally, δ13C values of the examined samples in the Fig Tree Group ranged from -28.9‰ to -23.2 ‰. Carbon isotope compositions of Onverwacht Group samples are ranged from -30.63 ‰ to -26.5 ‰ (PDB), which is within a range of organic matter produced by Calvin cycle using atmospheric CO2, such as cyanobacteria.