Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-VC Volcanology

[S-VC47] Volcanic and igneous activities, and these long-term forecasting

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Teruki Oikawa(Institute of Earthquake and Volcano Geology, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Takeshi Hasegawa(Department of Earth Sciences, College of Science, Ibaraki University), Daisuke MIURA(Geosphere Sciences, Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry), Yoshihiro Ishizuka(Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Nobuo Geshi(Geological Survey of Japan, The National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[SVC47-P04] Geological Map pf Kuju Volcano; More accurate eruptive history and magma eruption rate

*Yoshihisa KAWANABE1, Hideo HOSHIZUMI1, Jun'ichi ITOH1, Seiko YAMASAKI1 (1.Geological Survey of Japan, AIST)

Keywords:active volcano, Kuju volcano, eruptive history, geological map of volcano, eruption rate, dating

Geological Survey of Japan, AIST has published a new Kuju volcano geological map. In this "Geological Map of Kuju Volcano", we re-examined the stratigraphy of Kuju volcano by tephra study and many K-Ar and 14C dating. Kuju volcano is composed of an aggregation of small stratovolcanoes and lava domes of dacite from basaltic andesite. Approximately old volcanic body exists in the west, new volcanic body are distributed to the east. Around the Kuju volcano, there are volcanic fan made of block and ash flow deposits, debris avalanche deposits and debris flow deposits. Large-scale pyroclastic flows, such as the Handa pyroclastic flow deposits, also distributed around Kuju volcano. We divided the activity of Kuju volcano into four stages, the 1st stage (from 200ka to 54ka), the 2nd stage of the Handa pyroclastic flow eruption occurred (54ka), the 3rd stage (from 54ka to 15ka) mainly occurred at the central area of Kuju volcano, the 4th stage (from 15ka to present), characterized by eruption of mafic magma. For the fourth stage, we performed a detailed tephra description including a relatively small (magma) steam eruption. We were re-examined the magma eruption rate of the 3rd and the 4th stage. The magma eruption rate of the 4th stage is about 0.45km3/1000 years (DRE) and has increased from the 3rd stage of about 0.29km3/1000 years.