Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT03] Structure and dynamics of Earth and Planetary deep interiors

Tue. May 26, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 106 (1F)

Convener:*Takashi Yoshino(Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior, Okayama University), Satoru Tanaka(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Dapeng Zhao(Department of Geophysics, Tohoku University), Masanori Kameyama(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chair:Satoru Tanaka(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research), Kenji Kawai(Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[SIT03-23] Sound velocity measurements of liquid Fe-C alloy under high pressure

*Yoichi NAKAJIMA1, Saori IMADA2, Kei HIROSE2, Tetsuya KOMABAYASHI3, Haruka OZAWA4, Shigehiko TATENO2, Yasuhiro KUWAYAMA5, Satoshi TSUTSUI6, Alfred Baron1 (1.RIKEN, SPring-8 Center, 2.Earth-life science institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.School of GeoSciences, The University of Edinburgh, 4.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 5.Geodynamics Research Center (GRC), Ehime University, 6.Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute)

The liquid Earth’s outer core consists predominantly of iron with c.a. 10 wt.% lighter elements, such as hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, silicon, and sulfur. Other terrestrial planets such as Mars, Mercury and Venus are also similar to the Earth in that they have central metallic cores, which are considered to be at least partially molten. Popular models for those planetary cores also favor the presence of lighter elements. The nature of the light elements is important for understanding the core formation processes and the present core structure and dynamics in terrestrial planets, both of which are still not well understood. The seismic wave speed is the primary information on the Earth’s core. The sound velocity of liquid Fe alloying with light-elements is therefore key to constrain the lighter component in the Earth’s core and provide a reference for future surveys of other planets. Recently we have developed the techniques for inelastic X-ray scattering (IXS) measurements combined with diamond-anvil cell (DAC) experiments at the SPring-8 IXS spectrometers in order to investigate sound velocities of liquid Fe alloying with light-elements under the high pressure and high temperature conditions relevant to planetary cores. We determined the sound velocity of liquid Fe-C alloy up to 70 GPa. We will discuss the effect of carbon on the sound velocity of liquid iron and implications for planetary cores.