9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[SIT06-21] Liquidus phase relations in MgO-FeO-SiO2 system at high pressure: Implications for the solidification of magma ocean
Keywords:magma ocean, mantle evolution
Here we performed high-pressure melting experiments on the MgO-FeO-SiO2 ternary system in a laser-heated diamond-anvil cell (DAC). Chemical and textural characterization of recovered samples were made using dual beam scanning microprobe (FIB + FE-SEM) (Versa 3D) and field-emission-type electron probe microanalyzer (FE-EPMA). The cross section of the sample showed a round portion with non-stoichiometric composition at the center (the hottest part), which represents quenched partial melt. And, such quenched melt was surrounded by a layer of solid phase(s) of (Mg,Fe)SiO3 bridgmanite, (Mg,Fe)O ferropericlase, and SiO2 stishovite. Together with previous theoretical calculations of eutectic melt compositions in MgO-SiO2 binary system and experimental results on FeO-SiO2 and (Mg,Fe)2SiO4 systems, the liquidus phase relations in the MgO-FeO-SiO2 ternary system were determined at 36 GPa. We also estimated those at 135 GPa considering the increase in iron content in bridgmanite with increasing pressure.
These results indicate that residual melt of the BMO should have evolved toward iron-rich and silica-poor with solidification. Fractional crystallization in the BMO leads to a very small fraction of residual melt that is strongly enriched in FeO, which is very dense in the lowermost mantle. The knowledge of chemical evolution of the BMO help understand the nature of the LLSVP and the ULVZ.