Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG30] Material circulations in Terrestrial Ecosystem: Water, Carbon and Nitrogen etc.

Mon. May 25, 2015 11:00 AM - 12:45 PM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Tomomichi Kato(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Takashi Hirano(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University), Hisashi Sato(Department of Environmental Geochemical Cycle Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Ryuichi Hirata(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Chair:Tomomichi Kato(Research Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[ACG30-08] Effects of waterlogging on carbon isotope discrimination of Larix gmelinii during photosynthesis

*Fang LI1, Atsuko SUGIMOTO1 (1.Graduate school of environmental science, Hokkaido university)

Keywords:carbon isotope discrimination, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, waterlogging, larch, experiment

The carbon isotope discrimination during photosynthesis reflects various environmental factors, such as VPD, solar radiation, soil moisture, salinity, air pollution and so on. It has been used to estimate environmental condition, or calculation of carbon isotope mass balance equation to know a flow of carbon. It is well known that soil moisture is one of the major factors controlling carbon isotope discrimination: discrimination decreased under drought condition due to a decrease of stomatal conductance. On the other hand, there is almost no research on carbon isotope discrimination under extremely wet condition. Larix gmelinii is one of the major species of larch trees, which constitute eastern Siberian Taiga. In 2007, extreme wet event has been reported near Yakutsk. In this research, pot experiment with Larix gmelinii saplings was conducted to obtain carbon isotope discrimination during photosynthesis under waterlogging condition which may happen more frequently in the future. Under waterlogging condition, both photosynthesis rate and stomatal conductance of all three larch saplings used for experiment decreased, while only one sapling among three showed clear decrease in carbon isotope discrimination. Although the decrease in carbon isotope discrimination was not so clear, needles on current year stem, which seemed to be formed with C fixed during the experiment, showed slightly higher δ13C in waterlogging treatment than that in control. This result suggests that waterlogging condition makes stomatal conductance decreased.