Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT44] Frontiers in Geochemistry: Prospect for geochemistry in 30 years

Tue. May 26, 2015 3:15 PM - 4:00 PM 102B (1F)

Convener:*Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Chair:Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo)

3:45 PM - 4:00 PM

[MTT44-03] A current status of high precision in situ isotopic analysis by SIMS in JAMSTEC and perspectives for future researches

*Takayuki USHIKUBO1, Motoo ITO1, Naotaka TOMIOKA1, Kenji SHIMIZU1, Tsuyoshi ISHIKAWA1 (1.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, JAMSTEC)

Keywords:high precision in situ isotopic analysis, ion microprobe, SIMS, oxygen isotope, lead isotope

Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS) has a unique capability of isotopic and elemental measurements for micrometer-scale distributions in region-of-interests in variety of samples. With this unique capability, researches with SIMS brought out new evidence for understanding of processes occurred under extreme environment (e.g., Earth's earliest crust formation, reactions in Earth's deep interior, and high temperature processes in the solar nebula) and processes caused by biological/biochemical activities (e.g., biomineralization, metabolic functions of microorganisms).

While SIMS is a destructive technique, required amount of sample with SIMS analyses is very small (e.g., for oxygen two-isotope analysis, less than 1ng with a pit of ~10 micrometer in size and ~1 micrometer in depth) [e.g. 1,2]. SIMS analysis with a smaller beam and improvement of efficiency of analysis are highly required for multilateral analyses of the same sample.

A large geometry and ultra-high sensitivity magnetic sector SIMS with multiple detectors (CAMECA IMS 1280-HR) was installed in the Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, JAMSTEC in early 2014. The Kochi's latest generation IMS 1280-HR has a capability to perform in-situ stable isotope analyses with sub-permil (down to +/-0.2 permil, 2SD) precision and accuracy for samples of a few to tens micrometer in size [1,3].

Here, we will present preliminary results of oxygen two-isotope (18O/16O) measurements in selected minerals using two Faraday cup detectors in multi-detection, and the Pb three-isotope (206Pb/207Pb/208Pb) measurements in several standard materials using an axial electron multiplier detector with mono-collection. The achieved spot-to-spot reproducibility for 18O/16O is ~+/-0.3 permil (2 SD) with a ~10 micrometer spot for silicates and carbonates. The achieved precision and spatial resolution are promising to explore seasonal variations of precipitation recorded in speleothems [e.g., 4]. The spot-to-spot reproducibility for Pb three-isotopes is ~+/-7 permil with a ~20 micrometer spot for USGS BCR-2G standard glass ([Pb]=11ppm). Developed Pb isotopic measurements can be applied to researches for glass inclusions entrapped in minerals, which elucidate heterogeneity of the Earth's mantle [e.g., 5]. In the future work, we will use multiple electron multipliers to detect three Pb isotope signals simultaneously. This may provide better precision with a smaller spatial scale (~10 micrometer).

In addition to the development of high precision and high spatial resolution analysis with SIMS, we are planning to build a coordinated analytical system which provides information of microstructure and elemental/isotopic distributions for smaller-scale samples, such as a piece of asteroid which will be returned by the JAXA Hayabusa-2 mission in 2020 and samples of the ultra-deep drilling by Chikyu.

[1] Valley J. W. and Kita N. T. (2009) In Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course 41 (M. Fayek Eds), pp.19-63.
[2] Page F. Z., Ushikubo T., Kita N. T., Riciputi L. R., and Valley J. W. (2007) American Mineralogist, 92, 1772-1775.
[3] Ushikubo T. (2010) Planetary People (Journal of the Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences), 19, 287-294 (in Japanese).
[4] Orland I. J., Bar-Matthews M., Ayalon A., Matthews A., Kozdon R., Ushikubo T., Valley J. W. (2012) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 89, 240-255.
[5] Saal A. E., Hart S. R., Shimizu N., Hauri E. H., and Layne G. D. (1998) Science, 282, 1481-1484.