11:00 AM - 11:15 AM
[PEM10-12] Spectral parameters estimation in precipitation using VHF atmospheric radars
Keywords:Atmospheric radar, Spectral parameters
The top method is used when raindrops or solid hydrometeors with small echo intensity exist. The top method sets an echo cut level (ECL) from the peak level of the clear air echo. The ECL is used for separating the clear air echoes from the hydrometeor echoes. The two-echo method is used when solid hydrometeors with large echo intensity exist. The two-echo method sets the ECL from the minimum echo level between the peak level of the clear air echo and that of the hydrometeor echo. Because parts of the Doppler spectrum points were not used for calculating the spectral parameters, we also proposed functions for correcting the underestimation of echo power and spectrum width. Numerical simulations were carried out for evaluating the performance of these two methods. From the simulation results, the optimum value of ECL is determined. Also, the simulation results indicated that the two methods can calculate the spectral parameters of the clear air echo with improved accuracy.
A case of simultaneous measurement by a 46.5-MHz atmospheric radar (MU radar) and a 1.3-GHz radar during a precipitation event on 26 October 2009 is shown. The 1.3-GHz radar can measure reflectivity-weighted Doppler velocity relative to the ground (Vair+Z) and radar reflectivity factor (Ze) of hydrometeors. By subtracting the Doppler velocity of the clear air echo (W) measured by the MU radar from Vair+Z, reflectivity-weighted Doppler velocity relative to the air (VZ) was retrieved. Correlation coefficient of Ze and Vair+Z is 0.41. After removing the effect of W, correlation coefficient of Ze and VZ improves to 0.56. The result indicates that W estimated using our method has sufficient accuracy. The result also indicates that the accurate W measurement is useful for measuring hydrometer fall velocity.