Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Techtonophysics

[S-IT06] Early Earth - from accumulation to formation -

Sun. May 24, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM 303 (3F)

Convener:*Tatsuya Sakamaki(Department of Earth Science, Tohoku University), Akio Suzuki(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University), Seiji Kamada(Graduate school of Science, Tohoku University), Bjorn Mysen(Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Inst. Washington), Chair:Akio Suzuki(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Tohoku University)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[SIT06-16] Experimental constraints on the chemical compositions of the mantle transition region and the lower mantle

*Tetsuo IRIFUNE1 (1.Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University)

Keywords:high pressure experiment, mantle transition region, lower mantle, mineral physics, elastic velocity, pyrolite

Technical developments in mineral physics using Kawai-type multianvil have been made for precise determinations of phase transitions and associated density/velocity changes in high-pressure minerals under the pressure and temperature conditions toward the deeper region of the mantle. We have been studying these properties in materials relevant to the mantle and subducted slabs, which provides tight mineral physics constraints on the chemical compositions of the deep mantle. The results indicate that the mantle transition region, as well as the upper manatle, is made of a pyrolitic composition except for its bottom region, where the existence of materials with higher sound velocities is suggested to account for one-dimensional seismological models such as PREM. As for the deeper region of the mantle, our recent sound velocity measurements on bridgmanite (Higo et al., in prep.) shows that the lower mantle should also have a pyrolitic composition, rather than the more silicon-rich composition close to pyroxene stoichiometry as concluded in a recent work based on Brillouin scattering measurements. This result is consistent with a prediction based on ab initio calculations, suggesting that the bulk mantle of the Earth is significantly depleted in Si relative to CI chondrites.