Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM10] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Thu. May 28, 2015 4:15 PM - 6:00 PM A01 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Satonori Nozawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Hiroyuki Hashiguchi(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Chair:Satonori Nozawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory)

5:30 PM - 5:45 PM

[PEM10-28] Study of the upper mesosphere and the lower thermosphere by using the sodium LIDAR at Tromsoe

*Satonori NOZAWA1, Takuo TSUDA2, Hitoshi FUJIWARA3, Yasunobu OGAWA4, Takuya KAWAHARA5, Norihito SAITO6, Satoshi WADA6, Masaki TSUTSUMI4, Shin SUZUKI1, Tetsuya KAWABATA1, Toru TAKAHASHI1, Tatsuya HIBINO1, Shintaro TAKITA1, Saki ASATO1, Chris HALL7, Asgeir BREKKE8 (1.STEL, Nagoya University, 2.The University of Electro-Communications, 3.Faculty of Science and Technology, Seikei University, 4.National Institute of Polar Research, 5.Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University, 6.Advanced Photonics Technology Development Group, RIKEN, 7.Tromso Geophysical Observatory, The Arctic University of Tromsoe, 8.Faculty of Science, The Arctic University of Tromsoe)

Keywords:Sodium LIDAR, polar upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere, EISCAT radar, meteor radar, Tromsoe

We will overview latest results obtained with the sodium LIDAR at Tromsoe (69.6N, 19.2E) in northern Scandinavia. The sodium LIDAR at Tromsoe has been operated since October 2010 for five winter seasons (October-March). About 2800 hours of neutral temperature and sodium density data, and about 1800 hours of wind data between 80 and 110 km are obtained. By utilizing the datasets, we have studied several phenomena occurring in the polar upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere. We will present results about (1) altitude variations of the semidiurnal tide, (2) sporadic sodium layer, (3) response of the upper mesosphere/lower thermosphere to sudden stratospheric warmings (SSW), (4) comparison of the neutral temperature and the ion temperature, and (5) probablity of instabilities.
We have investigated altitude variations of the semidiurnal tide using wind and temperature data, whose temporal length is longer than or equal to 12 hours, obtained by the sodium LIDAR for 62 nights. There appear two typical altitude profiles of the amplitude. We will discuss its causes. Sporadic sodium layer (SSL) is a thin (about 1 km) and dense sodium layer in the normal sodium layer with a wide horizontal extent (typically, about 300 km or so). The generation mechanisms are not well understood, in particular, in the polar upper mesosphere. We have made a case study, and will present the results. Sudden Stratospheric Warming (SSW) is a large disturbance phenomenon occurring in the stratosphere in winter due to breaking of planetary waves. We have analyzed variations of the temperature and wind above Tromsoe during the 2012 SSW interval using sodium LIDAR data, meteor radar data, and EISCAT radar data in the upper stratosphere, mesosphere, and lower thermosphere. We will present those results and discuss differences of timing of the changes at different altitudes. Over five winter observational seasons between 2010 and 2015, simultaneous observations of the sodium LIDAR and the EISCAT UHF radar at altitudes between 100 and 110 km were conducted for 43 nights (about 250 hours). We have compared the neutral temperature obtained by the sodium LIDAR with the ion temperature by the EISCAT UHF radar between 100 and 110 km. We will present the comparison results and also discuss contributions of the Joule heating. By using temperature and wind data, we have investigated probability of the convective and dynamical instabilities in the polar upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere. We will present the results and compare them with published results at middle latitudes. We will also discuss expected improvements by the EISCAT_3D to these kinds of researches.