9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
[PPS22-02] Aqueously altered clasts in the NWA1232 CO3 carbonaceous chondrite
Keywords:CO chondrite, clast, brecciation, aqueous alteration, TEM, SR-XRD
Small clasts occur abundantly throughout lithology A. Among them, hydrous clasts are most abundant and comprise ~2 vol.% of lithology A. Each of the clasts typically consists of one chondrule surrounded by a fine grained matrix, exhibiting the appearance of a chondrule with a rim. Some clasts contain multiple chondrules and CAIs embedded in a matrix.
Most chondrules in the clasts are Mg-rich Type I, and their olivine phenocrysts have homogeneous low Fe compositions (~Fa1) and show almost no Fe-Mg zoning; these are similar to those in CO3.0 chondrites. Enstatite phenocrysts and mesostasis were partially replaced by fine grains (10-20 nm) of phyllosilicates and an Fe-Si-Mg-rich amorphous material. The amorphous material contains small amounts of fine olivine grains (< 100 nm). High-resolution TEM observations reveal that the most abundant phyllosilicate exhibits ~0.7 nm basal spacing; thus, it is serpentine. Minor amounts of smectite with 1.0-1.1 nm basal spacing, were also observed. These phyllosilicates are compositionally indistinguishable from the amorphous material.
The rim-like matrix surrounding the chondrules mainly consists of an Fe-Si-Mg rich amorphous material, and contains relatively coarse grains (1-2 μm) of magnetite, forsteritic olivine, enstatite, fine grains (100-500 nm) of olivine, troilite, and finer grains (10-20 nm) of serpentine. The amorphous material is compositionally indistinguishable from the serpentine and mineralogically and compositionally similar to that within the chondrules.
Our results suggest that the clasts have experienced weak aqueous alteration in the meteorite parent body. However, the evidence of aqueous alteration was not observed in the outside of the clasts. These suggest that the clasts were formed and transported from a region in the parent body that was different from the region where the meteorite was finally lithified, and subsequently they were incorporated into lithology A. We note that the mineralogical and compositional characteristics of chondrules and matrix in the clasts are similar to those in the primitive CO3.0 chondrite ALHA77307 .
References:  Kiriishi and Tomeoka (2008), JMPS, 103, 161-165.  Umehara et al. (2009), JAMS Annual Meeting (abstract).  Kiriishi et al. (2009), JAMS Annual Meeting (abstract).  Matsumoto et al. (2014), JpGU Meeting (abstract).  Brearley (1993), GCA, 57, 1521-1550.