Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2015

Presentation information


Symbol A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-CG Complex & General

[A-CG31] Science in the Arctic Region

Tue. May 26, 2015 6:15 PM - 7:30 PM Convention Hall (2F)

Convener:*Nozomu Takeuchi(Chiba University), Tetsuya Hiyama(Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University), Toru Hirawake(Faculty of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University), Hiroshi Tanaka(Center for Computational Sciences, University of Tsukuba), Satonori Nozawa(Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory)

6:15 PM - 7:30 PM

[ACG31-P07] Methane Oxidation of Arctic Wetland Soil of a Taiga-Tundra Ecotone in Northeastern Siberia

*Jun MURASE1, Atsuko SUGIMOTO2, Ryo SHINGUBARA3, Trofim C. MAXIMOV4 (1.Grad. Sch. Bioagr. Sci., Nagoya Univ., 2.Fac. Earth Environ. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., 3.Grad. Sch. Environ. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., 4.Inst. for Biol. Problems of Cryolithozone SB RAS)

Keywords:methane oxidation, incubation experiment, flux measurement, CH2F2, tundra

Arctic wetlands are significant sources of atmospheric methane and the observed accelerated warming of the arctic causes increased methane formation in water-saturated tundra soil with deepened permafrost thawing. Methane oxidation is the key process to regulate methane emission from wetlands. In this study we measured the activity of methane oxidation rate of the wetland soils of a Taiga-Tundra transition zone in Northeastern Siberia by an incubation experiment and flux measurement combined with the inhibitor of methane oxidation. Surface peat soil samples (0-10 cm) collected from the wetland covered with tussocks of sedges and Sphagnum spp. demonstrated a high methane oxidation rate (70 and 190 nmol h-1 g-1 dw at 15 oC) when incubated in the bottle with methane at the initial concentration of 0.5-0.8 %v/v showing no time lag. Active methane oxidation was observed over the depths including the water-saturated layers. On the other hand, difluoromethane, the inhibitor of methane oxidation, did not alter the methane flux from the sedge and moss vegetation, indicating the undetectable levels of methane oxidation associated with the peat plants. The difference in methane oxidation activity between in the incubation experiment and the flux measurement may suggest 1) methananotrophs in the peat soils keep the potential activity in situ even under the unfavourable conditions including anoxia, or 2) there might be other sources of oxygen than diffusion from the atmosphere and plants that sustain the activity of methanotrophs in the waterlogged peat soil.